Discovering potentially useful mountain datasets and other potentially useful resources is often a time-consuming and frustrating task that requires speculative web searches or trawling through the vast array of data portals that have proliferated. Alternatively, institutional or legacy knowledge may have to be relied upon. These difficulties takes researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers away from their core tasks,  and mean that the most suitable and/or latest datasets for a given application may not be consistently used. 

With a view to help alleviate some of these problems, the GEO Mountains General Inventory seeks to provide comprehensive metadata related to open datasets and data portals that may be useful in the context of mountainous applications, as well as the corresponding web links. The Inventory is primarily focused on remotely sensed and modelled datasets spanning multiple disciplines, but also includes contains a variety of open-source software, model codes, and tools that may be useful. Both regional and global resources are included. Where in situ datasets can be associated with long-term monitoring infrastructure, they should ideally be represented in the GEO Mountains Inventory of In Situ Observational Infrastructure;  otherwise, they may appear in the General Inventory.

At present, basic search, sort, filter, and download functionality is provided. 

Blank cells indicate N/A or TBC. The "Data Level" field may be populated as follows: 

Level 0: Raw sensor output

Level 1: Processed (e.g. quality checked / translated to physical quantity of interest using a simple formula)

Level 2: Heavily derived (e.g. output of a numerical model / algorithm)

Citation and use

If you make use of the GEO Mountains General Inventory in your work, we would be grateful if you would cite it as:

GEO Mountains (2022): GEO Mountains General Inventory v1.0. figshare. DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.19322573.v1 

The licence assigned is CC BY 4.0. It is imperative to also to cite the original data providers and check their licence conditions. Whilst we have made every effort to include only potentially useful datasets, users are responsible for verifying the suitability of a given dataset or datasets for their intended application(s); this is especially important for datasets with continental or global coverage, which may not always provide locally meaningful information in complex mountain topography.   

We warmly acknowledge Andrea Fischer (IGF/ÖAW), Michael Allchin (Arctic Institute of North America), and Daniel Ruiz-Carrascal (Columbia University in the City of New York) for their contributions to v1.0. The MRI Coordination Office staff members who worked on the project were Lia Franchini, Gabrielle Vance, and James Thornton.

Datasets that extend beyond mountainous areas can be clipped using the layers available from the USGS's Global Mountain Explorer 2.0

Outlook 

We welcome contributions to the inventory from the community via this form. You may either propose datasets, data portals, and other resources (e.g. software, tools) that are not currently included, or alternatively refine / update the information pertaining to existing entries by indicating the corresponding record ID(s). Bulk submissions can be transmitted to the GEO Mountains Secretariat by email (james.thornton@unibe.ch). If you feel that a certain dataset or data portal has now been superseded or should otherwise not be listed, please inform us by writing to the same address. Updated versions of the inventory will be released periodically, depending on the frequency of contributions.  

 

ID Resource Type Data Type Data Level Primary Theme Secondary Theme(s) Continent Name Version Provider URL Contact Spatial resolution Start temporal coverage End temporal coverage Temporal frequency Variable(s) DOI Paleo(Y/N) Comment(s)
                                       
1 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Africa Africa GeoPortal   Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development; Digital Earth Africa; NASA Earth Science; others https://www.africageoportal.com/ africageoportal@esri.com             No The datasets extend beyond mountains but some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
2 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe AlpEnDAC   Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Consumer Protection https://www.alpendac.eu/ info@vao.bayern.de             No See also: https://www.vao.bayern.de/vao.htm/
3 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Europe Alpine Convention Atlas   Permanent Secretariat of the Alpine Convention https://www.atlas.alpconv.org/ research@alpconv.org             No The Alpine Convention Atlas is the repository for the data collected in the framework of the Alpine Convention activities, its Working Groups and its network. The Atlas is mostly meant to display GIS information, but it contains much more.
4 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Europe Alpine Environmental Data Analysis Center (AlpEnDAC) Data Explorer   Virtual Alpine Observatory project (VAO) https://www.alpendac.eu/spa#!/products/ support@alpendac.eu         Cloud cover/fraction; Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Stratospheric CH4; Tropospheric column CH4; Tropospheric column CO2; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation   No See also: https://www.alpendac.eu/landkreis-tool/ ; https://www.alpendac.eu/node/34/
5 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global AmeriGEO Datahub   AmeriGEO https://data.amerigeoss.org/               No Contains many datasets, some of which may be useful for mountain applications.
6 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Hydrosphere   Global AQUASTAT   Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) https://www.fao.org/aquastat/en/geospatial-information/ FAO-HQ@fao.org             No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
7 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Europe BioREGIO WebGIS   EURAC Research https://webgis.eurac.edu/bioregio/           Land cover; Habitats; ecological corridors for species; Species distribution and abundance   No  
8 Data Portal In Situ 1 Society & Governance   North America California Climate Data Archive   Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC); Scripps Institution of Oceanography https://calclim.dri.edu/index.html/ wrcc@dri.edu             No Climate monitoring and data access website for the state of California. The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for the mountainous areas. See also: https://raws.dri.edu/cgi-bin/rawMAIN.pl?caCSRS
9 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   North America California Data Exchange Center   California Department of Water Resources (DWR) https://cdec.water.ca.gov/               No Data for the state of California. Not mountain specific, but could be useful for mountain applications.
10 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   North America California State Geoportal   California Department of Technology https://gis.data.ca.gov/ opendata@state.ca.gov             No  
11 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Europe CARPATCLIM   Climate of the Carpathian Region (CARPATCLIM) http://www.carpatclim-eu.org/pages/metadata/ szalai.sandor@mkk.szie.hu         Near-surface air temperature   No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6952/ ; See also: https://www.carpatclim-eu.org/pages/download/ ; https://www.carpatclim-eu.org/pages/atlas/
12 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Multiple Caucasus Barcode of Life Data Portal   German Federal Ministry of Education and Research https://ggbc.eu/data/ shota.japarashvili.1@iliauni.edu.ge; n.hein@leibniz-zfmk.de         Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No Resources concerning the Caucasus region, containing many datasets.
13 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Europe CCIBIS Geoportal   Carpathian Convention; UNEP Vienna https://gis.vm.stuba.sk/portal/apps/webappviewer/index.html/ office@wwfdcp.org         Forest extent; Land cover; Vegetation species abundancies and extents; Protected areas; Natural Parks   No See also: https://library.spectra-perseus.org/ ; https://webgis.eurac.edu/carpathianportal/
14 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Atmosphere Multiple Asia Central Asia Climate Portal   The World Bank; Central Asia Regional Environmental Center (CAREC); International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) https://centralasiaclimateportal.org/geonode/knowledgehub/documents/?limit=20&offset=0&doc_type__in=datasets/ contact@centralasiaclimateportal.org             No See also: https://mapviewer.centralasiaclimateportal.org/
15 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Atmosphere   North America Climate and Weather Tools AKCASC   University of Alaska; USGS; UAF International Arctic Research Center https://akcasc.org/climate-weather-tools/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
16 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Global Climate Attribution   Sabin Center for Climate Change Law; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; High Tide Foundation https://climateattribution.org/resources/ climateattribution@law.columbia.edu             No Does not link to many datasets at present, and those it does may not be mountain specific.
17 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Global Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP)   The World Bank Group https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/download-data/ climateportal@worldbank.org             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
18 Data Portal Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global Climate Data Store (CDS)   European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/#!/home/ https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/usersupport             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
19 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere   North America Climate Summaries WRCC   Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) https://wrcc.dri.edu/Climate/summaries.php/ wrcc@dri.edu             No See also: https://wrcc.dri.edu/Climate/comp_tables.php/
20 Data Portal In Situ 1 Atmosphere Multiple North America Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP)   U.S. Department of Energy; Desert Research Institute (DRI); Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) https://cemp.dri.edu/               No Environmental monitoring around the the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS).
21 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Cryosphere   Global Community snow Observations - Snow Data   Community Snow Observations (CSO) https://www.mountainsnow.org/home/ ; https://communitysnowobs.org/ communitysnowobs@gmail.com         Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE)   No  
22 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Europe Copernicus Reference Data Access (CORDA)   Copernicus https://corda.eea.europa.eu/SitePages/Statistics.aspx/ https://corda.eea.europa.eu/SitePages/Feedback.aspx/             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
23 Data Portal Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global CORDEX regional climate model data   EU; Copernicus; ECMWF; Climate Change Service https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/10.24381/cds.bc91edc3?tab=overview/           Cloud cover/fraction; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation; Surface ERB Longwave; Surface ERB Shortwave; Tropospheric temperature profile https://doi.org/10.24381/cds.bc91edc3/ No  
24 Data Portal Remotely sensed Multiple Cryosphere   Global Cryo2Ice   European Space Agency (ESA); NASA https://cryo2ice.org/ info@earthwave.co.uk             No Cite as: Alford, J., Ewart, M., Bizon, J., Easthope, R., Gourmelen, N. Parrinello, T., Bouffard, J., Michael, C., Meloni, M. 2021. #CRYO2ICE Coincident Data Explorer, Version 1, https://cryo2ice.org. European Space Agency. 1/9/2022 ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
25 Data Portal In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Multiple Cryobs-Clim BD   Observatoire des Sciences de l'Université de Grenoble (OSUG); Institut des Geosciences de l'Environnement (IGE) https://data.cryobsclim.fr/main.jsf/               No  
26 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere Society & Governance Global Dartmouth Flood Observatory   University of Colorado; INSTAAR; CSDMS https://floodobservatory.colorado.edu/index.html/               No Not specific to mountains, but may be useful for mountain applications.
27 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Europe Data and maps from EEA   European Environment Agency (EEA) https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas. See also: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data#c0=5&c11=&c5=all&b_start=0
28 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Oceania Data and publications - Australian Government   Australian Government https://www.ga.gov.au/data-pubs/ clientservices@ga.gov.au             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
29 Data Portal In Situ 1 Multiple   Europe Data Browser Matsch / Mazia   Institute for Alpine Environment; EURAC Research; LTSER (Long-term socio-ecological research site Matschertal / Val di Mazia) https://browser.lter.eurac.edu/ Veronika.Fontana@eurac.edu             No An app providing a user-friendly interface to download meteorological and biophysical variables of the long-term socio-ecological research LT(S)ER site Matschertal / Val di Mazia, South Tyrol, Italy.
30 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Global Data Catalog US   U.S. General Services Administration; Technology Transformation Service https://catalog.data.gov/dataset/ datagov@gsa.gov             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
31 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   North America Data Catalogue (British Columbia)   Government of British Columbia https://catalogue.data.gov.bc.ca/dataset?sector=Natural+Resources/ data@gov.bc.ca             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
32 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Biosphere Multiple Global Data integration analyses system (DIAS)   The University of Tokyo https://diasjp.net/en/ dias-office@diasjp.net             No Not mountain specific.
33 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Hydrosphere   Global Data Portals   CUAHSI https://www.cuahsi.org/data-models/portals/ help@cuahsi.org             No Really just links to other data portals. Not mountain specific.
34 Data Portal Remotely sensed Multiple Multiple   Africa DE Africa Metadata Explorer   Digital Earth Africa https://explorer.digitalearth.africa/products/               No See also: https://maps.digitalearth.africa/ ; https://www.africageoportal.com/search?collection=Dataset/ ; https://www.digitalearthafrica.org/platform-resources/platform/; https://www.data4sdgs.org/ARDC/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
35 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global DesInventar Sendai   UNDRR https://www.desinventar.net/               No Disaster loss data. Not specific to mountains, but may be useful for mountain applications.
36 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Hydrosphere   Multiple Digital Data & Tools - IWMI   International Water Management Institute (IWMI) https://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/resources/data-and-tools/               No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
37 Data Portal Remotely sensed Multiple Multiple   Oceania Digital Earth Australia   Australian Government; Digital Earth Australia https://www.dea.ga.gov.au/ earth.observation@ga.gov.au             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
38 Data Portal     Multiple   Global Digital Earth Knowledge Platform   International Society for Digital Earth http://www.digitalearth-isde.org/list-41-1.html/ isde@radi.ac.cn             No Not sure how much data can be accessed.
39 Data Portal Remotely sensed Multiple Atmosphere   Global Earth Observation Portal - EUMETSAT   European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) https://eoportal.eumetsat.int/userMgmt/confirmed.faces/               No Login required. The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
40 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global EarthCube   US National Science Foundation (NSF) https://www.earthcube.org/ ec-info@earthcube.org             No Lots of material; not mountain specific but some may be relevant.
41 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Biosphere Multiple Global EarthEnv   NCEAS; NASA; NSF; Yale University https://www.earthenv.org/   1 km           No General page containing links to many datasets such as habitat heterogeneity, consensus land cover, cloud cover climatology, freshwater environmental variables, etc.
42 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Africa East African Community Data Portal   African Development Bank https://eac.opendataforafrica.org/ eac@eachq.org             No Seems to be mostly statistical data. See also other resources here: https://www.eac.int
43 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Biosphere   Global EBV Data Portal   GEO BON https://portal.geobon.org/datasets/               No See also the portal: https://portal.geobon.org/map/#/
44 Data Portal In Situ 2 Atmosphere   Europe ECA&D gridded observational dataset (E-OBS)   European Climate Assessment & Dataset project; EUMETNET; European Commission https://surfobs.climate.copernicus.eu/dataaccess/access_eobs.php#/ eca@knmi.nl   1950 2021 Daily Total precipitation; Temperature; Sea level Pressure; Relative Humidity; Wind speed; Global radiation   No Provides information on changes in weather and climate extremes, as well as the daily dataset needed to monitor and analyse these extremes. See also: https://www.ecad.eu ; https://www.ecad.eu/download/ensembles/download.php ; Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JD028200
45 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   South America ECOANDES Geoportal   Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion (CONDESAN) https://condesan-ecoandes.org/geoportales/#1550523850230-9687cf30-ab54/ condesan@condesan.org             No The datasets may extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas. In Spanish.
46 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe EIONET Central Data Repository   European Environment Information and Observation Network https://cdr.eionet.europa.eu/ helpdesk@eionet.europa.eu             No Note, contains only data reports on the environment.
47 Data Portal Multiple 1 Society & Governance Multiple Global EM-DAT   Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain) https://public.emdat.be/data/               No International Disaster Database. See also: https://www.emdat.be/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
48 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global EnviDat   WSL https://www.envidat.ch/#/ ; https://www.wsl.ch/en/about-wsl/programmes-and-initiatives/envidat.html/ envidat@wsl.ch         Snow melt / runoff; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Forest extent; Land cover; Land surface temperature; Past natural hazard event extents and hazard intensities; Total precipitation   No A joint project of the Swiss Confederation, cantons, communes and other organizations. Makes open government data available to the general public in a central catalogue. Selected entries also appear in the inventory as "Datasets".
49 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Environmental data and geodata of the FOEN   Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) https://www.bafu.admin.ch/bafu/en/home/state/data/environmental-data.html/ info@bafu.admin.ch             No  
50 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Environmental Data Explorer   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) https://geodata.grid.unep.ch/ stefan.schwarzer@unep.org             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
51 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global EO Browser   Sentinel Hub; Euro Data Cube https://apps.sentinel-hub.com/eo-browser/               No This page seems similar to the following, but please as there might be some differences: https://browser.eurodatacube.com/?zoom=9&lat=41.85422&lng=12.29233&fromTime=1970-01-01T00%3A00%3A00.000Z&toTime=2021-11-22T11%3A33%3A59.255Z ; To access Custom Processing Scripts visit : https://www.sentinel-hub.com/develop/custom-scripts/ ; Check out this webinar: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eK0OMn5H-kY&t=1s ; An interesting tool is the Terrain Viewer in EO Browser (explore the world in 3D with any satellite visualization).
52 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Euro Data Cube   European Space Agency (ESA) https://browser.eurodatacube.com/ hub@eox.at             No Log in is required. Visit: https://eurodatacube.com/marketplace/ ; to access all the products (for free or to purchase)
53 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global FAO Map Catalog   Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) https://data.apps.fao.org/map/catalog/srv/eng/catalog.search#/home/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
54 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global FLUXNET Datasets   ORNL DAAC; NASA https://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dataset_lister.pl?p=9/ support@earthdata.nasa.gov             No FLUXNET is a global network of micrometeorological tower sites that use eddy covariance methods to measure the exchanges of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. More than 500 long-term tower sites globally. Overarching goal to provide information for validating remote sensing products for net primary productivity, evaporation, and energy absorption. See also: https://asiaflux.net/ ; Some sites might be relevant for mountainous applications.
55 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global ForestPlots.net   ForestPlots https://www.forestplots.net/en/ admin@forestplots.net             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
56 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Free GIS Data   Robin Wilson https://freegisdata.rtwilson.com/ robin@rtwilson.com             No The datasets extend beyond mountains but some may be useful for mountainous applications.
57 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere Hydrosphere Global Freshwater Information Platform   Multiple organisations https://www.freshwaterplatform.eu/               No Focus is on Europe. See links provided to various data portals, sources, and repositories. Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
58 Data Portal In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Global GCW Data Portal   WMO; Global Cryosphere Watch (GCW) https://gcw.met.no/metsis/search/ https://gcw.met.no/contact             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas. Also not clear that all data can be accessed at present. See also a corresponding inventory of in situ and remotely sensed snow data: https://globalcryospherewatch.org/reference/snow_inventory.php
59 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere Multiple Europe Geoportail OPCC   Communaute de Travail des Pyrénées (CTP) https://www.opcc-ctp.org/fr/geoportal/ info_opcc@ctp.org             No A computer application developed by the Pyrenean Observatory of Climate Change within the framework of the OPCC2 project to make scientific and cartographic information available to the public on the effects of climate change in the Pyrenees.
60 Data Portal     Cryosphere Hydrosphere; Society & Governance Multiple Glacier Lake Outburst Flood Database (GLOFs)   Multiple organisations http://glofs.geoecology.uni-potsdam.de/ georg.veh@uni-potsdam.de             No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
61 Data Portal Multiple 1 Cryosphere Society & Governance Europe Glacier Risks Database   Multiple organisations http://www.nimbus.it/glaciorisk/gridabasemainmenu.asp/               No  
62 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)   GBIF Secretariat https://www.gbif.org/               No See also: https://www.gbif.org/dataset/search/
63 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Global Climate Observing System   World Meteorological Organization (WMO) https://gcos.wmo.int/ gcos@wmo.int             No Not necessarily any links to datasets per se.
64 Data Portal Remotely sensed 2 Biosphere   Global Global Ecosystem Viewer   USGS https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/ecosystems/dataviewer.shtml/               No See also: https://www.usgs.gov/products/data-and-tools/overview/ ; https://www.usgs.gov/products/maps/overview/ ; https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/ecosystems/datadownload.shtml/; https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/outgoing/ecosystems/ ; https://www.usgs.gov/centers/geosciences-and-environmental-change-science-center/science/global-ecosystems/
65 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global Global Forest Resources Assessments   FAO https://fra-data.fao.org/ FAO-HQ@fao.org         Forest extent   No Provides information for understanding the extent of forest resources, their condition, management and uses. See also: https://www.fao.org/forest-resources-assessment/fra-2020/maps/en/ ; https://www.fao.org/forest-resources-assessment/en/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
66 Data Portal In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   Global Global Groundwater Monitoring Network (GGMN)   International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (IGRAC); World Meteorological Organization (WMO); UNESCO https://ggis.un-igrac.org/               No An online platform supporting the sharing of groundwater data and information worldwide. Created to advance the assessment of groundwater resources and make knowledge accessible to those who depend on groundwater or are engaged in groundwater management, development or protection. See also: https://ggis.un-igrac.org/maps/?limit=5&offset=0
67 Data Portal Remotely sensed 2 Multiple   Global Global Mountain Explorer v2 USGS; Others https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/gme/ rsayre@usgs.gov         Mountain extent   No Provides three commonly used mountain delineations. Useful for clipping more extensive datasets.
68 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere   Global Global Terrestrial Network - Hydrology   GCOS https://www.gtn-h.info/ gtn-h@bafg.de             No Really a "network of networks" providing links to other data portals. Not mountain specific.
69 Data Portal In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Global Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost GTN-P   International Permafrost Association (IPA); Global Climate observing System (GCOS); Global Terrestrial Observing Network (GTOS) https://gtnp.arcticportal.org/data/           Active layer thickness; Ground temperature   No See also: https://gtnp.arcticportal.org/index.php/resources/maps ; https://gtnp.arcticportal.org/resources/useful-downloads
70 Data Portal In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   Global Global Terrestrial Network for River Discharge (GTN-R)   Global Terrestrial Network - Hydrology (GTN-H); Global Climate Observing system (GCOS); Hydrology and Water Resources Programme of the WMO (HWRP) https://www.bafg.de/GRDC/EN/01_GRDC/grdc_node.html/           River discharge   No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
71 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere Multiple North America Global Water Futures Data   Global Water Futures (GWF); University of Saskatchewan https://gwf.usask.ca/outputs-data/data.php#Datamanagement/ laleh.moradi@usask.ca             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but many are relevant for mountainous areas.
72 Data Portal Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global Gridded Climate Datasets   NOAA https://psl.noaa.gov/data/gridded/ webmaster.psl@noaa.gov; psl.data@noaa.gov             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
73 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Europe High Resolution Layers - Land cover characteristics   Copernicus; European Commission; EEA https://land.copernicus.eu/pan-european/high-resolution-layers/ copernicus@eea.europa.eu         Forest extent; Land cover   No Provides access to many different datasets e.g. imperviousness, forests, grassland, water and wetness etc. Not mountain specific. Visit also: https://land.copernicus.eu
74 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere   Europe Hydrological Atlas of Switzerland (HADES)   University of Bern; Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) https://hydrologicalatlas.ch/ hades@giub.unibe.ch             No The result of a collaborative effort by Swiss hydrologists which has provided basic hydrological information, specialist knowledge and didactic materials to a wide range of users for over 30 years. Digital data now available. See also: https://hydromapscc.ch/#en/8/46.830/8.193/bl_hds
75 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere   North America HydroShare   Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI); US National Science Foundation (NSF) https://www.hydroshare.org/search/               No Contains many different datasets, some of which will be relevant for mountainous areas. See also: https://hiscentral.cuahsi.org/pub_services.aspx ; https://data.cuahsi.org
76 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple Cryosphere Global ICESat-2 Data Sets   National Snow & Ice Data Center (NSIDC); NASA https://nsidc.org/data/icesat-2/ ; https://nsidc.org/data/icesat-2/data-sets/           Glacier extent; Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow depth; Lake ice cover; Land cover; Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No See also: https://nsidc.org/data/icesat-2/products/ ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
77 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere Society & Governance Global IFRI Database   International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) https://ifri.forgov.org/resources/data/ ifri@isb.edu ; ifridatahelp@umich.edu             No The IFRI network is in the process of developing a data-sharing policy that will set the conditions whereby IFRI data will be made available for public use. The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
78 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe INSPIRE Geoportal   European Commission https://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/ ENV-INSPIRE@ec.europa.eu             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
79 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global International Soil Moisture Network (ISMN)   Multiple organisations https://www.geo.tuwien.ac.at/insitu/data_viewer/ ismn@geo.tuwien.ac.at         Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Ground temperature; Total precipitation; Root-zone soil moisture; Near-surface soil moisture https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-5749-2021/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-1675-2011/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas. There don't appear to be that many sites at present. See also: https://ismn.geo.tuwien.ac.at/en/ ; https://github.com/TUW-GEO/ismn
80 Data Portal Multiple 2 Atmosphere Multiple Global IPCC WGI Interactive Atlas   WHO; UNEP https://interactive-atlas.ipcc.ch/ ipcc-ddc@ifca.unican.es         Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Tropospheric ozone concentration; Total precipitation   No Datasets can masked to mountain regions.
81 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global IUCN Red List of Threatened Species   UCN Global Species Programme Red List Unit https://www.iucnredlist.org/resources/grid/ redlist@iucn.org         Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
82 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   North America iUTAH Survey Data Viewer   US National Science Foundation (NSF) http://data.iutahepscor.org/surveys/               No Survey results
83 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Asia JaLTER Data Catalog   Center for Global Environmental Research; JaLTER Network https://db.cger.nies.go.jp/JaLTER/metacat/style/skins/jalter-en/index.jsp/ yuuri.sakai@db.soc.i.kyoto-u.ac.jp             No A local network of ecological monitoring sites for facilitating long-term ecological studies.
84 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Africa Kilimanjaro ecosystems under global change   German Science Foundation; Universität Würzburg https://www.kilimanjaro.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de/Data/Data.aspx/ kili@biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de             No Datasets concern Mt. Kilimanjaro (Tanzania).
85 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC)   USGS https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/data/get-started-data/ LPDAAC@usgs.gov             No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
86 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Land Product Validation (LPV) subgroup   CEOS; NASA https://lpvs.gsfc.nasa.gov/index.html/               No An effort around the validation of remotely sensed products. Links to some data are provided. The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some may be relevant for mountainous applications.
87 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Europe Links4Soils Geonetwork Node   Interreg Alpine Space; The Alpine Soil Partnership (AlpSP) https://alpinesoils.eu/geonetwork-node/               No The Alpine WebGIS viewer does not contain data itself. It should be used in combination with Link4Soils Geonetwork node: https://alpinesoils.eu/webgis_app/index.html ; See also: https://alpinesoils.eu/soil-info/national-gis/
88 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network EDI Data Portal   US National Science Foundation (NSF) https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/home.jsp#/ frank.davis@nceas.ucsb.edu             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas. See also: https://environmentaldatainitiative.org/# ; https://portal.edirepository.org/nis/browse.jsp ; https://nwt.lternet.edu/data-catalog
89 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Oceania Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN)   Australian Government; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy; Super Science Initiative https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/130861/ repository.admin@anu.edu.au         Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No Integrates key established plot networks across Australia to tackle critical questions associated with the impacts of disturbance on Australian ecosystems. Formally established in 2012. Visit also: https://www.ltern.org.au; https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/130861 ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
90 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Maps for Europe   EuroGeographics https://eurogeographics.org/maps-for-europe/ contact@eurogeographics.org         Topographic data   No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
91 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Maps of Switzerland   Swiss Confederation https://map.geo.admin.ch/               No See also: https://www.bafu.admin.ch/bafu/en/home/state/data/geodata.html/ ; https://www.geo.admin.ch/en/geo-information-switzerland/geodata-index-inspire.html/
92 Data Portal In Situ 2 Atmosphere   Global Meteostat   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Deutscher Wetterdienst; Environment Canada https://meteostat.net/en/               No The mountainous subset of stations would have to be identified.
93 Data Portal Remotely sensed   Multiple   Global MODIS Data (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer)   NASA https://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/               No Some related tools that could also be useful: https://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/tools/
94 Data Portal     Multiple   Europe Montclima Geoportal   European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); Interreg SUDOE programme http://www.montclima.eu/en/geoportal/ montclima@montclima.eu             No Page concerning the SUDOE regions (Spanish Autonomous Communities), the Southwestern regions of France (Auvergne, Nouvelle Aquitaine, Occitanie), all continental regions of Portugal, United Kingdom (Gibraltar) and the Principality of Andorra).
95 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere Atmosphere North America National Water and Climate Center   National Water and Climate Center (NWCC); United States Department of Agriculture https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/wcc/home/quicklinks/           Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation; River discharge; Near-surface soil moisture   No Data for the United States. See also: https://wwa.colorado.edu/sites/default/files/2021-10/Snowpack_Monitoring_in_the_Rocky_Mountain_West_A_User_Guide.pdf ; https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/co/snow/products/ ; https://www.cbrfc.noaa.gov/station/sweplot/sweplot2.cgi???open/ ; https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/snow-and-ice/daily-snow/AL/snowfall/20211225/ ; https://data.cocorahs.org/cocorahs/maps/ ; https://www.nohrsc.noaa.gov/interactive/html/map.html/ ; https://snodas.cdss.state.co.us/app/index.html/ ; https://climate.arizona.edu/snowview/ ; https://www.cbrfc.noaa.gov/lmap/lmap.php?interface=snow/ ; https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/wcc/home/dataAccessHelp/
96 Data Portal In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   North America National Water Information System   USGS https://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/               No See also GAUGES-II: https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/59692a64e4b0d1f9f05fbd39/
97 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Naturgefahren   Federal Ministry, Republic of Austria https://www.naturgefahren.at/               No Austrial dataset. Various information on natural hazards
98 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global NCEI environmental data   National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI); NOAA https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/ ncei.info@noaa.gov             No Provides access to NCEI's land-based (in situ) datasets that are developed from data collected across the United States and globally. Data availability varies by data type and station, and some have periods of record of more than a century. Of course, the mountainous subset of stations would have to be identified. See also: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/products/land-based-station
99 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   North America NEON Data Products   US National Science Foundation (NSF) https://data.neonscience.org/data-products/explore/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
100 Data Portal In Situ 2 Biosphere   Global Neotoma Paleoecology Database   National Science Foundation NSF; World Data System https://apps.neotomadb.org/explorer/ neotoma-contact@googlegroups.com             Yes  
101 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global NextGEOSS DataHub   Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) https://catalogue.nextgeoss.eu/               Yes Not all data are mountain specific, but much is. Also, some of the resources relate to paleoscience.
102 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   North America NOAA Western Region Climate Service Providers Database   WRCC; NOAA; Others https://wrcc.dri.edu/ClimSvcProviders/ wrcc@dri.edu             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
103 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global NoR Discovery Portal   European Space Agency (ESA) https://nor-discover.cloudeo.group/ nor-support@cloudeo.group             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
104 Data Portal Multiple 1 Lithosphere   North America Northwest Territories Geological Survey (NTGS) Database   Government of Northwest Territories https://app.nwtgeoscience.ca/ NTGS@gov.nt.ca             No See also: http://c94000.eos-intl.net/C94000/OPAC/Search/AdvancedSearch.aspx/
105 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Open Data Portal   European Space Agency (ESA) https://climate.esa.int/en/odp/#/dashboard/               No  
106 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Open Digital Elevation Model (OpenDEM)   Open DEM Project https://www.opendem.info/index.html/ contact@OpenDEMData.info         Topographic data   No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
107 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   North America Open Government Portal - Statistics Canada   Government of Canada https://open.canada.ca/en/open-data/ open-ouvert@tbs-sct.gc.ca             No See also: https://open.canada.ca/en/search/inventory/ ; https://open.canada.ca/en/open-maps/ ; https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/type/data?MM=1/ ; https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/type/analysis?MM=1/
108 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Open SDG Data Hub   United Nations Statistics Division https://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/ statistics@un.org             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
109 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Open Topography - Data Catalog   US National Science Foundation (NSF) https://portal.opentopography.org/datasets/           Topographic data   No See also: https://portal.opentopography.org/dataCatalog; https://opentopography.org/otsoftware ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
110 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe opendata.swiss   Swiss Federal Statistical Office https://opendata.swiss/en/dataset/ opendata@bfs.admin.ch             No  
111 Data Portal In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global OSCAR - Surface   WMO (WIGOS) https://oscar.wmo.int/surface/#/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
112 Data Portal Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global PaleoClim   Leeds University; The City College of New York; Southern Illinois University-Carbondale https://www.paleoclim.org/ paleoclim@gmail.com             Yes A source of free, high-resolution gridded paleoclimate data for use in biological modelling and GIS. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.254 ; Visit also: https://www.paleoclim.org/links/
113 Data Portal In Situ 2 Atmosphere Multiple Global Paleoclimatology / Paleo Data   National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration (NOAA) https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/products/paleoclimatology/ ; https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/paleo-search/?dataTypeId=18/ paleo@noaa.gov             Yes Offers search and download of Paleoclimatic proxy data and Paleoclimate Reconstructions from the NOAA/World Data Service for Paleoclimatology archives. Over 10,000 data sets are available, derived from natural sources such as tree rings, ice cores, corals, and ocean and lake sediments. Many filtering options. Data files for the entire result set, or a subset of it, can be downloaded as a single compressed file.
114 Data Portal In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Europe PERMOS Data Portal   MeteoSwiss; FOEN; SCNAT (Swiss Academy of Sciences) https://www.permos.ch/data.html/ ; https://newshinypermos.geo.uzh.ch/app/DataBrowser/ office@permos.ch         Active layer thickness; Ground temperature https://dx.doi.org/10.13093/permos-2021-01/ No Swiss permafrost data.
115 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global PRISMA mission - Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission   Italian Space Agency (ASI) https://prismauserregistration.asi.it/               No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
116 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global PSL (Physical Sciences Laboratory) Data and Imagery   NOAA Physical Sciences Laboratory https://psl.noaa.gov/data/ webmaster.psl@noaa.gov             No  
117 Data Portal In Situ 2 Multiple   Global Query Datasets on LinkedEarth   Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) https://lipd.net/query/               Yes Related publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1093-2016/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, but some may be relevant for mountainous areas.
118 Data Portal Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global Reanalyses.org   Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth initiative; Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Working Group on Surface Pressure; World Climate Research Programme; NOAA https://reanalyses.org/               No Visit also: https://reanalyses.org/observations/international-surface-pressure-databank/ ; These resources and tools extend beyond mountains, but might be relevant for mountainous areas.
119 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Asia Regional Database System   ICIMOD https://rds.icimod.org/ rds@icimod.org             No See also: https://rds.icimod.org/dataexplorer/ ; https://rds.icimod.org/TemporalTIff?id=snow/ ; https://rds.icimod.org/clim/ ; https://www.icimod.org/initiative/mountain-geoportal/ ; General repository for documents, reports, journal articles, theses, photos, multimedia, etc.: https://lib.icimod.org;
120 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere   Global Resource watch datasets   World Resources Institute (WRI) https://resourcewatch.org/data/explore/               No The datasets are not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountainous applications. Visit also: https://resourcewatch.org/data/pulse/
121 Data Portal In Situ 1 Multiple   Africa SAEON Data Portal   South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON); National Research Foundation (NRS) https://catalogue.saeon.ac.za/ tim@saeon.ac.za             No Resources concern South Africa. See also: https://www.sasdi.net/search.aspx?guid=5bb81c7b-15e1-1be1-df7a-0eb437683c76&noframe=true&tab=Analysis/ ; The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
122 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global SAPFLUXNET: A global database of sap flow measurements version 0.1.5 CREAF; others https://sapfluxnet.creaf.cat/ sapfluxnet@creaf.uab.cat           https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3971689/ No The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), however it might be relevant for mountainous areas.
123 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere Cryosphere; Hydrosphere North America SCENIC (Southwest Climate and ENvironmental Information Collaborative)   Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC); Southwest Climate Science Center (SWCSC) https://wrcc.dri.edu/csc/scenic/data/ scenic@dri.edu             No  
124 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Scotland's environment   Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) https://www.environment.gov.scot/data/data-analysis/ seweb.administrator@sepa.org.uk             No Data analysis applications present data in an interactive format of graphs, tables and maps. Export data views as images, CSV files and PDF documents for use in reports and presentations. The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
125 Data Portal In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Multiple Service d'Observation GLACIOCLIM   Observatoire des Sciences de l'Université de Grenoble (OSUG); Institut des Géosciences de l'Environnement (IGE) https://glacioclim.osug.fr/-Descriptif-des-mesures/           Glacier extent; Glacier mass balance; Glacier surface elevation; Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Precipitation partitioning (solid vs. liquid); Total precipitation; River discharge   No  
126 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Asia SERVIR Hindu Kush Himalaya   ICIMOD https://servir.icimod.org/               No  
127 Data Portal Multiple 1 Society & Governance   Global Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)   NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System; CIESIN at Columbia University https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/sets/browse/               No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications. This page also provides some mapping tools: https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/maps/tools
128 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere Hydrosphere Global SoilGrids 2.0   International Soil Reference and Information Centre https://www.isric.org/explore/soilgrids/   250 m         https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-7-217-2021/ No Outputs are soil properties at six standard depths. The datasets are global (extend beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
129 Data Portal In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global SoilTemp database   Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN) https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.15123/ jonas.lembrechts@uantwerpen.be         Near-surface air temperature https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12126516/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15123/; See also: https://soiltemp.weebly.com/data-products.html/ ; https://www.mountaininvasions.org/publications/
130 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Sonnblick Observatory (SBO) Data Portal   Sonnblick Observatorium https://data.sonnblick.net/               No A remote measuring and research station in the Austrian Alps established in 1886. See corresponding entry in the GEO Mountains In Situ Inventory. Visit also: https://www.sonnblick.net/en/data/download-portal/sbo-data-portal/
131 Data Portal In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Europe Spatial Climate Analyses   MeteoSwiss https://www.meteoswiss.admin.ch/home/climate/swiss-climate-in-detail/raeumliche-klimaanalysen.html/           Cloud cover/fraction; Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation; Surface ERB Longwave; Surface ERB Shortwave   No Resource concerns Switzerland.
132 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Swiss Data Cube - GeoServer GeoServer Version 2.18.1 UNEP/GRID-Geneva; University of Geneva; Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) https://geoserver.swissdatacube.org/               No The GeoServer is the main page, see also: https://www.swissdatacube.org/viewer/ ; https://www.swissdatacube.org/index.php/products/
133 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Europe Swiss EnvEO   Swiss Datacube https://geonetwork.swissdatacube.org/geonetwork/srv/eng/catalog.search#/home/           Topographic data; Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No Provides access to many datasets e.g. NDWI, NDVI (annual and seasonal means), Sentinel 1, 2 Analysis Ready Data, Landsat 5, 7, 8 Analysis Ready Data for Switzerland.
134 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global The Essential Climate Variables (ECV) Inventory v4.0 Commitee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS); Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS) https://climatemonitoring.info/ecvinventory/ ecv_inventory@eumetsat.int         Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) for adaptation; Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) for modeling; Aerosol extinction coefficient; Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD); Single-scattering albedo; Aerosol layer height; BHR albedo for adaptation; DHR albedo for modeling; Cloud cover/fraction; Cloud top pressure; Effective particle radius (liquid and ice); Cloud water path (liquid and ice); Glacier extent; Glacier surface elevation; Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Top of atmosphere ERB longwave; Top of atmosphere ERB shortwave (reflected); Latent heat flux; Sensible heat flux; Tropospheric column CH4; Tropospheric column CO2; Groundwater levels; Water surface temperature; Land cover; Land surface temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total column ozone; Precipitation partitioning (solid vs. liquid); Total precipitation; CO tropospheric column (supporting the Aerosol and Ozone EMCVs); CO tropospheric profile (supporting the Aerosol and Ozone EMCVs); Near-surface soil moisture; Surface ERB Longwave; Surface ERB Shortwave; Downward longwave radiation flux; Downward shortwave radiation flux; Upward longwave radiation flux; Upward shortwave radiation flux; Tropospheric temperature profile; Total column water vapor; Tropospheric and lower stratospheric profiles of water vapor; Upper tropospheric humidity   No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications. See our work on Essential Mountain Climate Variables: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.05.005
135 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global The Freshwater Ecosystems Explorer   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) https://www.sdg661.app/downloads/ sdg661@un.org             No Provides the ability to download available time series data for all administrative areas and basins level 6, including five-year rolling annual averages which can be used to track long-term change in water-related ecosystems. Data are provided as both shapefile and GeoTiff formats.
136 Data Portal Other 1 Society & Governance   Global The GDELT Project   The GDELT Project https://www.gdeltproject.org/ kalev.leetaru5@gmail.com             No Extends beyond mountains, but could be useful in some way to mountain research, policy, and practice.
137 Data Portal Multiple 1 Society & Governance Economic Sectors Global The Global Atlas for Renewable energy   International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) https://globalatlas.irena.org/workspace/ GARE@irena.org             No See also: https://irena.org/Statistics/
138 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project   Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK); International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) https://www.isimip.org/ info@isimip.org             No  
139 Data Portal In Situ 2 Biosphere   Global The Paleobiology Database   NSF; EAR; ICER; DUE https://paleobiodb.org/ info@paleobiodb.org             Yes A public database of paleontological data maintained by an international non-governmental group of paleontologists. Users can filter fossil occurrences by time, space, and taxonomy, and display their modern and paleogeographic locations. There are also download options. The data extend beyond mountains but some records may be relevant for mountainous areas.
140 Data Portal Multiple 1 Cryosphere   North America The Permafrost Information Network (PIN)   Natural Resources Canada https://pin.geosciences.ca/               No  
141 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Asia The Third Pole   Earth Journalism Network (EJN); The Third Pole; ICIMOD; IWMI; others https://data.thethirdpole.net/ info@chinadialogue.net             No See also: https://www.thethirdpole.net/en/ ; https://earthjournalism.net/program-updates/open-data-in-asias-water-tower-datathethirdpolenet/
142 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Atmosphere   Global The World Data Center for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere   WMO; GAW https://wdc.dlr.de/data_products/VIEWER/               No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
143 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Global The World Data Centre for Aerosols (WDCA)   WMO https://www.gaw-wdca.org/               No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
144 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Global The World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG)   WMO https://gaw.kishou.go.jp/               No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
145 Data Portal Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Global The World Radiation Data Centre (WRDC)   WMO http://wrdc.mgo.rssi.ru/wrdc_en_new.htm/               No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
146 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Asia Tibetan Plateau Data Center (TPDC)   Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS https://data.tpdc.ac.cn/en/ data@itpcas.ac.cn             No  
147 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   North America TNM Download (National Maps) v2.0 USGS https://apps.nationalmap.gov/downloader/           Topographic data   No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
148 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Trentino-South Tyrol Open Data   Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano; CIVIS https://opendatahub.bz.it/ opendata@retecivica.bz.it             No Resources concerning the region of Trentino. See also: https://dati.retecivica.bz.it/it/dataset?_groups_limit=0/ ; https://weather.provinz.bz.it/download-data.asp/
149 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   North America U.S. Interagency Elevation Inventory   NOAA; USGS https://coast.noaa.gov/inventory/               No US Elevation data. The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
150 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere   North America UC Natural Reserve System Data Registry   University of California; National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) https://knb.ecoinformatics.org/knb/style/skins/nrs/index.jsp/           Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No See also: https://knb.ecoinformatics.org/about/ ; https://ucnrs.org/use-data/ ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
151 Data Portal Multiple 1 Biosphere Hydrosphere Europe UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology   UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) https://www.ceh.ac.uk/data/               No  
152 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global UN-SPIDER Knowledge Portal (Data Sources)   United Nations https://www.un-spider.org/links-and-resources/               No Contains many datasets, some of which may be useful for mountain applications. Note that not all datasets are free / open.
153 Data Portal Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global USGS Earth Explorer   USGS https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas. See also: https://www.usgs.gov/sitemap
154 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   North America USGS Geo Data Portal (GDP)   USGS https://cida.usgs.gov/gdp/ gdp@usgs.gov             No Citation: Blodgett, David L., Nathaniel L. Booth, Thomas C. Kunicki, Jordan I. Walker, and Roland J. Viger. Description and testing of the Geo Data Portal: Data integration framework and Web processing services for environmental science collaboration. No. 2011-1157. US Geological Survey, 2011. See also: https://cida.usgs.gov/gdp/how-to-gdp/ ; Not mountain specific, but could be useful for mountainous applications.
155 Data Portal In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   North America USGS Water Data for USA   U.S. Department of the Interior; USGS https://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/ ; https://dashboard.waterdata.usgs.gov/app/nwd/?region=lower48&aoi=default/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
156 Data Portal Multiple 1 Hydrosphere   Europe Vallon de Nant - environmental research catchment N/A University of Lausanne; WSL; Others https://zenodo.org/communities/vdn/ bettina.schaefli@giub.unibe.ch             No Multiple datasets from a research catchment in the western Swiss Alps.
157 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Visualize Swiss Open Government Data   Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) https://www.visualize.admin.ch/en/               No Swiss Datasets. This tool is still in the test phase. Datasets will be updated and added periodically. Many datasets can be accessed.
158 Data Portal Multiple 1 Society & Governance   Global WOCAT SLM Database   United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) https://qcat.wocat.net/en/wocat/ wocat@cde.unibe.ch             No Global database on sustinable land management
159 Data Portal In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global World Data Centre for Precipitation Chemistry (WDCPC)   WMO http://wdcpc.org/ manager@qasac-americas.org             No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
160 Data Portal Multiple Multiple Multiple   Global World Environment Situation Room (WESR)   UN Environment Programme (UNEP) https://wesr.unep.org/downloader/               No See also: https://app.mapx.org/?project=MX-5Z8-45E-K4I-SKH-75H&lockProject=true&language=en/ ; https://wesr.unep.org/sdgs/ ; https://www.informea.org/en/
161 Data Portal Multiple 1 Multiple   Global World Environment Situation Room (WESR): Mountains   UNEP; UNDP; CBD https://wesr.unepgrid.ch/?project=MX-IXP-F6R-H5U-GA8-DTT&language=en/ Yaniss.Guigoz@unepgrid.ch         Forest extent; Land cover   No  
162 Data Portal Multiple 1 Cryosphere   Global World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS)   ISC (WDS); IUGG (IACS); UNEP; UNESCO; WMO https://wgms.ch/data_exploration/ wgms@geo.uzh.ch         Glacier extent; Glacier surface elevation   No Provides standardized observations on changes in mass, volume, area and length of glaciers with time (Fluctuations of Glaciers), as well as statistical information on the distribution of perennial surface ice in space (World Glacier Inventory). Use requires acknowledgement of the WGMS and/or the original investigators and sponsoring agencies according to the available meta-information.
163 Data Portal Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global WorldClim Version 2 FAO; WorldClim https://worldclim.org/ info@worldclim.org         Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation   No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5086
164 Data Portal Multiple 1 Cryosphere   North America Yukon Permafrost Database   Government of Yukon; Yukon Geological Survey https://service.yukon.ca/permafrost/index.html/ YGS-surficial@yukon.ca             No  
165 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global 20th Century Reanalysis V3 (20CRv3) V3 NOAA-CIRES-DOE https://www.psl.noaa.gov/data/gridded/data.20thC_ReanV3.html/ psl.data@noaa.gov             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.776/
166 Dataset Modelled 2 Lithosphere   Europe A 3D geological model of a structurally complex Alpine region as a basis for interdisciplinary research 1 University of Neuchatel; University of Lausanne https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4130759/ james.thornton@unibe.ch           https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4130759.v1/ No Associated publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.238/
167 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America A cloud-free MODIS snow cover dataset for the contiguous United States   University of California, Irvine https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5902381.v4/     2000 2017   Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F)   No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.300/
168 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America A comprehensive inventory of perennial snow and ice in Glacier National Park in 2005   USGS https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/5c8152d5e4b09388244762be/ dan_fagre@usgs.gov   2005 2005   Glacier extent; Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F) https://doi.org/10.5066/P90F4G50/ No Inventory of perennial snow and ice of Glacier National Park, US, in 2005. Citation: https://doi.org/10.5066/P90F4G50/
169 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere   Global A global database of Holocene paleotemperature records   US National Science Foundation; Swiss National Science Foundation; NOAA https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/paleo-search/study/27330/ darrell.kaufman@nau.edu   1981 2016     https://doi.org/10.25921/4RY2-G808/ Yes Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0445-3 ; The dataset extends beyond mountains, but some records might be relevant for mountainous areas.
170 Dataset Modelled 2 Hydrosphere   North America A hydrological simulation dataset of the Upper Colorado River Basin from 1983 to 2019 N/A Princeton University https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-022-01123-w/ hoangtran@Princeton.edu   1983 2019     https://doi.org/10.25739/nv2q-ct31/ No ParFlow model outputs.
171 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere Cryosphere North America A long-term, 1-km resolution daily meteorological dataset for modeling and mapping permafrost in Canada   Natural Resources Canada https://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/fulle.web&search1=R=328114/ yu.zhang@canada.ca             No A blend of several other gridded products (CRU JRA, Princeton, NRCANmet, and PNWAmet). The data is constructed by adding interpolated anomalies (with respect to long-term climatology) from the coarse resolution gridded daily datasets overtop the high-resolution monthly 1km climatologies from WorldClim2. There can be issues with discontinuities at month boundaries using this approach unless the monthly climatologies are properly smoothed to day-of-year climatologies. Another concern is related to the temporal non-stationarity due to the stitching together of different gridded daily datasets in different parts of the 1901- period, and also potential loss of coherence between variables stemming from drawing different variables from different datasets within given blocks of time. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11121363
172 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere South America ACToday ENACTS COL Precip Daily merged v1 IRI + Colombian Met Service (IDEAM) https://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/home/.xchourio/.ACToday/.ENACTS/.COL/.Precip/.Daily/.merged_1981-2016/index.html#info/ xchourio@iri.columbia.edu       Daily Precipitation   No  
173 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System sensor (AMSR-E)   NSDIC https://nsidc.org/data/amsre/               No This datasets extend beyond mountains, however it can be relevant for mountainous areas.
174 Dataset Remotely sensed Multiple Multiple   Global Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Digital Elevation Model Version 3 (GDEM 003)   NASA https://search.earthdata.nasa.gov/search?q=ASTER/           Topographic data   No This site also provides links to many other datasets. Not mountain specific, but may be relevant for mountainous areas. See also: ASTER Water Body Dataset (ASTWBD): https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/products/astwbdv001/
175 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global AgCFSR Climate Forcing Dataset for Agricultural Modeling   NASA https://data.giss.nasa.gov/impacts/agmipcf/agcfsr/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016/ ; See also: https://data.giss.nasa.gov/impacts/agmipcf/
176 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global AgERA5 - Agrometeorological indicators derived from reanalysis   Copernicus Climate Change Service; ECMWF https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/sis-agrometeorological-indicators?tab=overview/   0.1° 1979 Present Daily     No Provides daily surface meteorological data as input for agriculture and agro-ecological studies. Is based on the hourly ECMWF ERA5 data at surface level and is referred to as AgERA5. Data were aggregated to daily time steps at the local time zone and corrected towards a finer topography at a 0.1° spatial resolution.
177 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global AgMERRA Climate Forcing Dataset for Agricultural Modeling   NASA https://data.giss.nasa.gov/impacts/agmipcf/agmerra/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016/ ; See also: https://data.giss.nasa.gov/impacts/agmipcf/
178 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global ALOS Global Digital Surface Model (AW3D30) V3.2 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) https://portal.opentopography.org/raster?opentopoID=OTALOS.112016.4326.2/   30 m       Topographic data https://doi.org/10.5069/G94M92HB/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5069/G94M92HB/ ; The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may be useful for mountainous applications.
179 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Europe Alpine gridded monthly precipitation data since 1871 derived from in-situ observations version 1.1 EU; Copernicus; ECMWF; Climate Change Service https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/insitu-gridded-observations-alpine-precipitation?tab=overview/           Total precipitation https://doi.org/10.24381/cds.6a6d1bc3/ No Dataset is also known as the Long-term Alpine Precipitation Reconstruction (LAPrec). Derived from station observations and provides gridded fields of monthly precipitation for the Alpine region (eight countries), and is provided in two issues. Citation: Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) (2021): Alpine gridded monthly precipitation data since 1871 derived from in-situ observations, v1.1, Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Climate Data Store (CDS).
180 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere   North America Alpine vegetation trends in Glacier National Park, Montana 2003-2018   USGS; Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/get/5cb8af43e4b0c3b0065f50dd?files.metadataFirst=true#attached-files-section/     2003 2018   Near-surface air temperature; Vegetation species abundancies and extents https://doi.org/10.5066/P9PX9UVT/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9PX9UVT/ ; See also: https://www.usgs.gov/centers/norock/science/climate-change-mountain-ecosystems-ccme?qt-science_center_objects=3#qt-science_center_objects/
181 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America An inventory of rock glaciers in the central British Columbia Coast Mountains, Canada, from high resolution Google Earth imagery   University of Victoria https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15230430.2018.1489026/ smith@uvic.ca             No  
182 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere   South America Andean Forest Network (Red de Bosques Andinos)   Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion (CONDESAN); Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) https://redbosques.condesan.org/ ; https://redbosques.condesan.org/categoria-producto/datos/ condesan@condesan.org         Forest extent; Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231553/ ; Note that most of the data seem to be only available via the paper.
183 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   North America ANUSPLIN (McKenney)   CFS; Natural Resources Canada https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/projects/3/ ; https://osf.io/uzac9/     1955 2017 Daily; Pentad; Monthly; 30-year average     No Provides snow depth over Canada. It was generated using ANUSPLIN with a 60 arc-second (approximately 2 km) and with a 300 arc-second (approximately 10 km) Digital Elevation Model (DEM; Lawrence et al, 2008) and station observations from Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
184 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America Arctic CORDEX   World Climate Research Program (WCRP) https://cordex.org/domains/region-11-arctic/ john.cassano@colorado.edu; Annette.Rinke@awi.de             No This page provides an ensemble of RCMs driven by GCM simulations from CMIP5. A table showing the CORDEX data available on the ESGF˜is available here. Arctic CORDEX simulations are noted as ARC-22 (for 0.22° x 0.22° spatial resolution) and ARC-44 (for 0.44° x 0.44° spatial resolution): http://htmlpreview.github.io/?http://is-enes-data.github.io/CORDEX_status.html
185 Dataset In Situ 1 Hydrosphere Lithosphere; Society & Governance Europe Austrian torrential event catalog     https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10346-019-01218-3#Sec14/               No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-019-01218-3/ ; Note that the link to the actual catalogue is not completely clear, but see also: https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.927584/ ; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2021.100294/
186 Dataset Other 2 Biosphere   Global Biodiversity Hotspots version 2016.1 Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) https://zenodo.org/record/3261807#.YcRduS-B1mD/           Vegetation species abundancies and extents https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3261807/ No See also: https://www.cepf.net/node/1996 ; https://zenodo.org/record/4311850#.YcRhgC-B1mB ; https://zenodo.org/record/4311831#.YcRh8S-B1mB
187 Dataset Multiple Multiple Hydrosphere   North America CAMELS (Catchment Attributes and Meteorology for Large-sample Studies)   National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), National Science Foundation, US Army Corps of Engineers Climate Preparedness and Resilience programs https://ral.ucar.edu/solutions/products/camels/ ziady@ucar.edu ; naddor@ucar.edu         Evapotranspiration; Land cover; Mineralogy; Near-surface air temperature; Precipitation partitioning (solid vs. liquid); Total precipitation; River discharge; Topographic data https://doi.org/10.5065/D6G73C3Q/ ; https://doi.org/10.5065/D6MW2F4D/ No Two data sets: hydrometeorological time series and catchment attributes. Available for download separately. The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be useful for mountain applications.
188 Dataset Multiple 2 Hydrosphere   South America CAMELS-CL   Center for Climate and Resilience Research (CR2) http://camels.cr2.cl/ camila.alvarez@uach.cl             No Concerns Chile. Can be visualised here: http://camels.cr2.cl/ ; Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-5817-2018/
189 Dataset Multiple 2 Hydrosphere   Europe CAMELS-GB   University of Bristol https://doi.org/10.5285/8344e4f3-d2ea-44f5-8afa-86d2987543a9/ gemma.coxon@bristol.ac.uk             No Concerns Great Britain. Of course, not all catchments are mountainous. Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2459-2020
190 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America Canadian Downscaled Climate Scenarios - Univariate (CMIP5): CanDCS-U5   ECCC; Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium (PCIC) https://data.pacificclimate.org/portal/downscaled_gcms/map/               No CMIP5 simulations statistically downscaled with the BCCAQv2 method over Canada against ANUSPLIN gridded observations. ClimateData (https://climatedata.ca) permits the download of daily data (for each of the 24 climate models) for specific locations in netCDF or CSV format. The site offers also climate indices (annul, seasonal and monthly) based on the daily BCCAQv2 data, as well as the possibility to compute online indices with specific thresholds (the ensemble for indices is represented by the 5th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 95th percentiles). Data for a single point can be downloaded as a CSV or JSON. 24 simulations with 24 models (list of the models): https://climate-scenarios.canada.ca/?page=downscaled-indices-notes#table2 ; See also: https://climate-scenarios.canada.ca/?page=downscaled-indices-data/ ; https://climate-change.canada.ca/climate-data/#/downscaled-data/ ; https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/canadian-centre-climate-services/display-download/technical-documentation-downscaled-climate-scenarios.html
191 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere   North America Canadian Gridded Temperature and Precipitation Anomalies (CANGRD)   CRD; ECCC https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/3d4b68a5-13bc-48bb-ad10-801128aa6604/ ec.ccds.info-info.dscc.ec@canada.ca             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2020.1765728/
192 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere   North America Canadian historical Snow Water Equivalent dataset (CanSWE) version 3 Multiple organisations https://zenodo.org/record/5889352#.YgoVMy-B1mA/ vincent.vionnet@ec.gc.ca   1928 2020   Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4734371/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4603-2021/
193 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America Canadian Regional Deterministic Reforecast System (RDRSv2.1)   CCMEP; ECCC https://github.com/julemai/CaSPAr/wiki/How-to-get-started-and-download-your-first-data/ ; https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/a9f2828c-0d78-5eb6-a4c7-1fc1219f1e3d/ ECWeather-Meteo@ec.gc.ca             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-25-4917-2021 ; Selected output variables from RDRS-15 and RDRS-10 are available through the Canadian Surface Prediction Archive (CaSPAr, 2021, https://caspar-data.ca, Mai et al., 2020). The RDRS-15 and RDRS-10 products are called RDRS and RDRS_v2 respectively. Once its production is complete, the version of RDRS-10 covering years 1980?2018 and containing the bug fix for maximum snow density will be available under the name RDRS_v2.1. More details on how to retrieve data from CaSPAr can be found at: https://github.com/julemai/CaSPAr/wiki/How-to-get-started-and-download-your-first-data/ ; (Mai, 2021). The list of variables available can also be found under Mai (2021). Additional variables, including upper-air fields, are available from CCMEP upon demand (dps-client@ec.gc.ca).
194 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America CanLEAD-CanESM2 from Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (ECCC)   ECCC; Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution Network (CanSISE) Climate Change and Atmospheric Research (CCAR) Network project http://crd-data-donnees-rdc.ec.gc.ca/CDAS/products/CanLEADv1/ open-ouvert@tbs-sct.gc.ca             No Canadian Earth System Model Large Ensembles (CanESM2 LE) is statistically downscaled over North America using a multivariate bias adjusted (MBCn method) against two target datasets: S14FD (Iizumi et al., 2017) and EWEMBI, (Lange, 2018). Two ensembles, each of them with 50 simulations with one GCM (CanESM2); The difference between the ensembles is the target dataset used in bias correction. See also: https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/aa7b6823-fd1e-49ff-a6fb-68076a4a477c/ ; Related publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1137-2018/
195 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America CanLEAD-CanRCM4 from Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (ECCC)   ECCC; Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution Network (CanSISE) Climate Change and Atmospheric Research (CCAR) Network project http://crd-data-donnees-rdc.ec.gc.ca/CDAS/products/CanLEADv1/ open-ouvert@tbs-sct.gc.ca             No Canadian Earth System Model Large Ensembles (CanESM2 LE) is dynamically downscaled over North America using the Canadian Regional Climate (CanRCM4 LE), which is next statistically downscaled using a multivariate bias adjusted (MBCn method) against two target datasets: S14FD (Iizumi et al., 2017) and EWEMBI, (Lange, 2018). Two ensembles, each of them with 50 simulations with one RCP driven by a different member of CanESM2 LE; The difference between the ensembles is the target dataset used in bias correction. See also: https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/83aa1b18-6616-405e-9bce-af7ef8c2031c/ ; https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3580-6/
196 Dataset Multiple Multiple Cryosphere   Global CanSISE Observation-Based Ensemble of Northern Hemisphere Terrestrial Snow Water Equivalent version 2 US National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC); NASA https://nsidc.org/data/NSIDC-0668/   1981 2010   Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) https://doi.org/10.5067/96ltniikJ7vd/ No Daily gridded terrestrial snow water equivalent (SWE) dataset based on five component SWE products (Northern Hemisphere). Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0229.1/
197 Dataset Multiple 1 Cryosphere Society & Governance Europe Carta storica della Valanghe   Regione Abruzzo http://opendata.regione.abruzzo.it/content/carta-storica-della-valanghe/     1957 2013       No Italian avalanche inventory (Abruzzo region).
198 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   Multiple Caucasus glacier mass balance and thickness changes in 2000-2019 version 2 DEGLaciation dans le grAnd Caucase DEGLAC Project https://zenodo.org/record/5817232#.YgqeQS-B1mB/ tielidzelevan@gmail.com   2000 2019   Glacier mass balance; Glacier surface elevation https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5816997/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13020256/
199 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Cryosphere   Asia Central and Eastern Himalaya glacier velocities 2017-2019 Version 1 Bell Edwards Geographic Data Institute (BEGIN), University of St. Andrews https://zenodo.org/record/4537289#.Ye02iy-B1mA/ ; https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/datasets/central-and-eastern-himalaya-glacier-velocities-20172019-sentinel-2(4f84263e-3dd8-46b3-b55b-1aec2d5a6ff4).html/ research-data@st-andrews.ac.uk   2017 2019   Glacier extent; Median glacier surface velocity https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4537289/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4537289/ ; For other resources data from St. Andrews University, see: https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/tobias-bolch(9338aeea-7cb7-48a1-957b-14b3cca14852)/datasets.html
200 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Multiple   Global CEOS Analysis-Ready Datasets   Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) https://ceos.org/ard/index.html#slide4/               No The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), however it might be relevant for mountainous areas.
201 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global CFSR - Climate Forecast System Reanalysis + CFSv2   NOAA; NCEP https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/products/weather-climate-models/climate-forecast-system#pagetop/ ncei.info@noaa.gov             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00823.1/
202 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global CHELSA Version 2.1   https://chelsa-climate.org/   1 km     Daily; Monthly; Annual     No Download from here: https://chelsa-climate.org/downloads/
203 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   North America Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground-Ice Conditions Version 2 National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) https://nsidc.org/data/ggd318/ nsidc@nsidc.org             No Spatial extent: Northern Hemisphere (20N to 90N)
204 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere Society & Governance Multiple Circumpolar raster grids of permafrost extent and geohazard potential for near-future climate scenarios   Academy of Finland, NSF USA https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata201937/ olli.karjalainen@oulu.fi             No Related article: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2019.37/ ; See also: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07557-4/
205 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere   Global Climatic Research Unit (CRU): Time-series (TS) datasets of variations in climate with variations in other phenomena v3   University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU) https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/3f8944800cc48e1cbc29a5ee12d8542d/   0.5°           No Monthly gridded climate data based on weather station data. Citation: University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit. Jones, P.D. & Harris, I.C. (2008): Climatic Research Unit (CRU): Time-series (TS) datasets of variations in climate with variations in other phenomena v3. NCAS British Atmospheric Data Centre.
206 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global CloudSat   Colorado State University https://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate.edu/data-products/ haynes@atmos.colostate.edu       Monthly     No Related paper: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD009973/ ; Sensitive to low intensity rain and snowfall events. Good high latitude coverage. Only reports rainfall rate over ocean, but reports precipitation occurrence everywhere (land and ocean).
207 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global CMAP - CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation / Analysis and Observations   NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) https://psl.noaa.gov/data/gridded/data.cmap.html#detail/               No Related paper: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5835-6_25/
208 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America CMIP5 1° x 1° gridded data   ECCC https://dd.weather.gc.ca/climate/cmip5/; https://climate-change.canada.ca/climate-data/#/cmip5-data/             No A sub ensemble of 29 CMIP5 simulations have been regridded onto a common 1° x 1° global grid. Provides projected changes and absolute values. 29 simulations with 29 models (list of models): https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/canadian-centre-climate-services/display-download/technical-documentation-coupled-model-intercomparison-phase5.html/ ; ECCC provide access to a subset of variables in netCDF and GeoTIFF formats at monthly, seasonal and annual timescale: surface air temperature, total precipitation, sea ice thickness, sea ice concentration, snow depth, and near-surface wind speed. Projected changes are expressed as anomalies with respect to the reference period of 1986-2005. A range of percentiles (the 5th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 95th percentiles) across the multi-model ensemble are available for download on https://dd.weather.gc.ca/climate/cmip5/ ; and https://climate-scenarios.canada.ca/?page=gridded-data/ ; (also individual models).
209 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Copernicus DEM - Global Digital Elevation Model (COP-DEM)   European Space Agency (ESA) https://spacedata.copernicus.eu/web/cscda/dataset-details?articleId=394198/ eosupport@copernicus.esa.int 10 m; 30 m; 90 m       Topographic data   No A Digital Surface Model (DSM) which represents the surface of the Earth including buildings, infrastructure and vegetation. Provided in 3 different resolutions.
210 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5)   Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) http://esgf-node.llnl.gov/               No Ensemble of coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models. More than 60 models (the number of models varies with the scenarios and the variable). All of the CMIP5 model output can be accessed through any one of the following Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) gateways: PCMDI:http://esgf-node.llnl.gov/ ; BADC:http://esgf-index1.ceda.ac.uk/ ; DKRZ:http://esgf-data.dkrz.de/ ; NCI:http://esgf.nci.org.au/ ; http://www.ipcc-data.org/sim/gcm_monthly/AR5/Reference-Archive.html/ ; See also: https://cmip-esmvaltool.dkrz.de/history/result-browser/
211 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global CRU CL v.2.0 - A gridded climatology of 1961-1990 monthly means version 2.0 University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU) https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/hrg/               No  
212 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global CRU JRA: A forcings dataset of gridded land surface blend of Climatic Research Unit (CRU) and Japanese reanalysis (JRA) data version 2.2 University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU) https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/4bdf41fc10af4caaa489b14745c665a6/               No Citable as: University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit; Harris, I.C. (2021): CRU JRA v2.2: A forcings dataset of gridded land surface blend of Climatic Research Unit (CRU) and Japanese reanalysis (JRA) data; Jan.1901 - Dec.2020. NERC EDS Centre for Environmental Data Analysis.
213 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global CRU TS4.05 - Time-Series (TS) of high-resolution gridded data of month-by-month variation in climate version 4.05 University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit (CRU) https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/c26a65020a5e4b80b20018f148556681?search_url=%2F%253Fq%253DCRU%2BTS%2BVersion%2B4%2BClimatic%2BResearch%2BUnit%26sort_by%253Drelevance%26results_per_page%253D20/ i.harris@uea.ac.uk             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0453-3/
214 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Cryosphere Hydrosphere Global CryoLand   Copernicus http://cryoland.eu/           Glacier extent; Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F)   No See also: https://neso1.cryoland.enveo.at/cryoclient/
215 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Cryosphere   Global C-SNOW   BELSPO; KU Leuven; Cryosphere Geophysics and Remote Sensing (CRYOGARS) https://ees.kuleuven.be/apps/project-c-snow-data/ hans.lievens@kuleuven.be 1 km           No Short-term project started in 2019 around observing snow depth / mass in the Northern Hemisphere mountain ranges. Related publications: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12566-y/ ; https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-159-2022/
216 Dataset Multiple 2 Lithosphere   South America Database of active and potentially-active continental faults in Chile   Millennium Scientific Initiative (ICM), Chilean Government https://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-021-00802-4/ daniel.melnick@uach.cl           https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13268993.v1/ No Resource concerns Chile.
217 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere   Europe Dataset of daily temperature and precipitation records for Trentino-South Tyrol   Hydrographic Office of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano and Meteotrentino; DPS4ESLAB https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/2801/2021/essd-13-2801-2021.html/ alice.crespi@eurac.edu   1980 2018   Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.924502/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-2801-2021/
218 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere   North America Daymet version 4 NASA; Oak Ridge National Laboratory https://daymet.ornl.gov/ uso@daac.ornl.gov 1 km 1980 Present Daily Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Total precipitation   No A multi-variate meteorological dataset for North America, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. Includes an objective quantification of uncertainty based on strict cross-validation analysis for temperature and precipitation results. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00973-0/ ; See also: https://daac.ornl.gov/get_data/
219 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global ERA5-Land hourly data   European Centre for Medium-range (ECMWF); Copernicus https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/reanalysis-era5-land?tab=overview/ joaquin.munoz@ecmwf.int             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4349-2021/
220 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global ESA WorldCover Data   European Space Agency (ESA) https://esa-worldcover.org/en/data-access/ remotesensing@vito.be         Land cover; Topographic data https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5571936%C2%A0/ No See also the World Cover viewer: https://viewer.esa-worldcover.org/worldcover/?language=en/ ; Citation: Zanaga, D., Van De Kerchove, R., De Keersmaecker, W., Souverijns, N., Brockmann, C., Quast, R., Wevers, J., Grosu, A., Paccini, A., Vergnaud, S., Cartus, O., Santoro, M., Fritz, S., Georgieva, I., Lesiv, M., Carter, S., Herold, M., Li, Linlin, Tsendbazar, N.E., Ramoino, F., Arino, O., 2021. ESA WorldCover 10 m 2020. The datasets extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
221 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Biosphere   Global Esri 2020 Land Cover   ESRI https://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=d6642f8a4f6d4685a24ae2dc0c73d4ac/   10 m 2020 2020   Land cover   No 10 classes. Citation: Karra, Kontgis, et al. Global land use/land cover with Sentinel-2 and deep learning. IGARSS 2021-2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE, 2021
222 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Global Essential Climate Variables   GCOS; WMO; others https://gcos.wmo.int/en/essential-climate-variables/table/               No Links to various individual data sources can be found in this page. Note that where not in situ data, most of these datasets are global. Also see the recent GEO Mountains effort to develop a mountain specific set of ECVs: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.05.005/
223 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Society & Governance   Global European Settlement Map   European Commission Joint Research Centre https://land.copernicus.eu/pan-european/GHSL/european-settlement-map/   2.5 m 2012 2015       No Human settlement mapping based on SPOT5 and SPOT6 satellite imagery.
224 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Atmosphere Lithosphere North America Extremes of summer climate trigger thousands of thermokarst landslides in a High Arctic environment   University of Ottawa https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09314-7/ alewkowi@uottawa.ca             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09314-7/
225 Dataset Multiple 1 Multiple   Europe Geoportal of Slovakia   European Union https://www.geoportal.sk/en/ gku@skgeodesy.sk             No Provision of reference spatial data, spatial data services and information about spatial reference data.
226 Dataset Multiple 1 Cryosphere   Europe Glacier Monitoring in Switzerland (GLAMOS)   Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN); MeteoSwiss within the framework of GCOS Switzerland; Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT); Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo https://www.glamos.ch/en/ office@glamos.ch         Glacier extent; Glacier mass balance   No See also: https://www.glamos.ch/en/publications#/B22-01/ ; https://doi.glamos.ch/data/inventory/inventory_sgi2016_r2020.html/
227 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   Global Glacier Thickness Database (GlaThiDa) 3.1.0 World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS) https://www.gtn-g.ch/data_catalogue_glathida/ mail@gtn-g.org         Glacier extent; Glacier surface elevation https://dx.doi.org/10.5904/wgms-glathida-2020-10/ No Links to various other datasets provided on this site.
228 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Global Glaciers CCI Database   European Space Agency (ESA) https://glaciers-cci.enveo.at/crdp2/index.html/ frank.paul@geo.uzh.ch         Glacier extent; Glacier surface elevation   No  
229 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Global GLIMS Glacier Database   US National Snow and Ice Data Center http://glims.colorado.edu/glacierdata/               No  
230 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Biosphere Global Global 1-km climate classification maps   Princeton University http://www.gloh2o.org/koppen/   1 km           No Global maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the present day (1980-2016) and for projected future conditions (2071-2100). Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.214/ ; Not mountin specific, but may be useful in mountain areas.
231 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Biosphere   Global Global distribution and bioclimatic characterization of alpine biomes version 2 Marie Curie Clar­n-COFUND program of the Principality of Asturias-EU; NASA; Google https://figshare.com/articles/dataset/Global_distribution_and_bioclimatic_characterization_of_alpine_biomes/11710002/2?file=21304323/ riccardo.testolin@uniroma1.it 30 m       Vegetation species abundancies and extents https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11710002.v2/ No A global map of alpine areas above the treeline by modelling regional treeline elevation using global forest cover data and quantile regression. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.05012/
232 Dataset Multiple 1 Economic sectors Atmosphere; Society & Governance Global Global Fuel Exploitation Inventory (GFEI) version 2 Harvard University https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.7910/DVN/HH4EUM/   0.1° 2010 2019       No Gridded methane emissions data for 2019. Emission grids are also available for 2010-2018. The dataset is extends beyond mountains but might be relevent for some mountain applications.
233 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global Global Historical Climatology Network monthly (GHCNm)   National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration (NOAA); National Centrers for Environmental Information (NCEI) https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/products/land-based-station/global-historical-climatology-network-monthly/ NCDC.GHCNM@noaa.gov         Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation   No Global climate station data. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0094.1/
234 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Global Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) Glacier Inventory   US National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) https://www.gtn-g.org/data_catalogue_glims/           Glacier extent; Glacier mass balance; Glacier surface elevation   No See also: https://www.gtn-g.ch/ ; https://glims.colorado.edu/glacierdata/ ; https://www.glims.org/RGI/ ; https://www.gtn-g.ch/data_catalogue/
235 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global Global Land Surface Temperature Databank 1.1.0 International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI); National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/metadata/landing-page/bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00849/ ncei.orders@noaa.gov           https://doi.org/10.7289/V5PK0D3G/ No Citation: Jared Rennie, Byron E. Gleason, Jay H. Lawrimore, Matthew J. Menne, Claude N. Williams, Peter W. Thorne, and Colin Morice. 2014. International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface Temperature Databank - Stage 3 Monthly. v1.0.0. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5PK0D3G ; See also: https://www.surfacetemperatures.org/databank ; https://doi.org/10.1002/gdj3.8
236 Dataset Multiple 1 Lithosphere Society & Governance Global Global Landslide Catalog   NASA https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4710/     2007 2019       No Reported landslides triggered by rainfall
237 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   Global Global Permafrost Zonation Index Map   University of Zurich http://www.geo.uzh.ch/microsite/cryodata/pf_global/ stephan.gruber@carleton.ca             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-6-221-2012/
238 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC)   WMO http://gpcc.dwd.de/ climate-data@wmo.int             No See also: http://climexp.knmi.nl/select.cgi?gpccall_10/ ; https://opendata.dwd.de/climate_environment/GPCC/PDF/GPCC_intro_products_lastversion.pdf
239 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Climate Data Record (CDR) Version 2.3 NASA (GSFC); NOAA https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/metadata/landing-page/bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00979/ ncei.info@noaa.gov       Monthly     No Current version (V2.3) product has been used to assess global precipitation, as a reference dataset for Arctic precipitation, and to study decadal variabiliaty of Arctic precipitation. Considered to be a Climate Data Record. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9040138/
240 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Hydrosphere   Global Global River Classification GloRiC 1 Canadian Network for Aquatic Ecosystem Services CNAES; McGill University https://hydrosheds.org/page/gloric/ bernhard.lehner@mcgill.ca           https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aad8e9/ No Provides hydrologic, physio-climatic, geomorphic classification of river reaches. The dataset comprises 8.5 million river reaches with a total length of 35.9 m km. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aad8e9/ ; See also HydroBASINS, HydroATLAS etc. at this site. These dataset extends beyond mountains, but might be relevant for mountainous areas.
241 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Hydrosphere   Global Global river network dataset accounting for variable drainage density   NASA; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' International Center for Integrated Water Resources Management (ICIWaRM) https://springernature.figshare.com/articles/dataset/Metadata_record_for_A_new_vector-based_global_river_network_dataset_accounting_for_variable_drainage_density/13377329/ peirongl@princeton.edu           https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13377329.v1/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00819-9/ ; Not mountain specific, but could be useful for mountainous applications.
242 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere Atmosphere Global Global Soil Temperature   Multiple organisations https://zenodo.org/record/4558663#.YgOUdi-B1mA/ Jonas.lembrechts@uantwerpen.be         Ground temperature https://zenodo.org/record/4558663#.YgOTnS-B1mA/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.16060/ ; Soil bioclim layers SBIO1-11 are also directly available in Google Earth Engine under: projects/crowtherlab/soil_bioclim/soil_bioclim_0_5cm projects/crowtherlab/soil_bioclim/soil_bioclim_5_15cm
243 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Society & Governance   Global Global terrestrial Human Footprint maps for 1993 and 2009   Wildlife Conservation Society; James Cook University; Australian Research Council https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.052q5/     1993 2009     https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.052q5/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.67/ ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
244 Dataset     Biosphere Multiple Global GMBA Mountain Inventory 1.2 Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA) https://ilias.unibe.ch/goto_ilias3_unibe_cat_1000515.html/ gmba@ips.unibe.ch             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00035-016-0182-6/
245 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global GMFD - Global Meteorological Forcing Dataset for Land Surface Modeling   Princeton University https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds314.0/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3790.1/
246 Dataset     Hydrosphere Economic Sectors Global GOODD   King's College London https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4648214/ mark.mulligan@kcl.ac.uk             No A global dataset of more than 38,000 georeferenced dams Not mountain specific but may be useful. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0362-5/ ; See also: http://www.globaldamwatch.org/
247 Dataset Multiple 1 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global GPCP (Daily) - Global Precipitation Climatology Project   NASA; NOAA https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/global-precipitation-climatology-project-gpcp-daily/access/         Daily     No Daily precipitation product at higher resolution than its companion GPCP Monthly product. Considered to be a Climate Data Record. May have some limitations in the North due to coverage of various datasets. Product is adjusted using GPCP Monthly product to agree climatologically. Reference: https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2001)002%3C0036:GPAODD%3E2.0.CO;2/
248 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global GPCP (Monthly) - Global Precipitation Climatology Project Version 3.1 NASA; NOAA https://measures.gesdisc.eosdis.nasa.gov/data/GPCP/GPCPMON.3.1/         Monthly     No In V3.1, the CloudSat, TRMM, and GPM combined climatology is used to adjust precipitation values, with CloudSat dominating at high latitudes (65N-82N). This may be an improvement of the representation of precipitation in the Canadian North, but there are some inhomogeneities in the record. This is not considered a Climate Data Record like V2.3. Use with some caution. See also: https://docserver.gesdisc.eosdis.nasa.gov/public/project/MEaSUREs/GPCP/GPCP_ATBD_V3.1.pdf
249 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America Gridded daily weather data for North america with comprehensive uncertainty quantification V4 Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) project; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE); Office of Science; Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) https://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-021-00973-0 thorntonpe@ornl.gov 1 km 1980 2019   Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Total precipitation; Surface ERB Shortwave https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1840/ No See also: https://daymet.ornl.gov ; The dataset extends beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
250 Dataset Modelled 2 Economic sectors Society & Governance Global Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index   Aalto University https://datadryad.org/stash/dataset/doi:10.5061/dryad.dk1j0/ matti.kummu@aalto.fi   1990 2015     https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dk1j0/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dk1j0/ ; The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but it might be relevant for mountainous areas.
251 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Society & Governance Economic Sectors Global GRIP global roads database   PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency https://www.globio.info/download-grip-dataset/               No Current and future (projected) road infrastructure. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aabd42/
252 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   North America Ground ice map of Canada   Natural Resources Canada https://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/fulle.web&search1=R=326885/ hughbrendan.oneill@canada.ca             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.4095/326885/ ; See also: https://tc.copernicus.org/articles/13/753/2019/
253 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global HadISDH - Gridded global surface humidity dataset   Met Office Hadley Centre https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadisdh/               No This dataset extends beyond mountains, however it can be relevant for mountainous areas.
254 Dataset In Situ 1 Society & Governance   Global healthsites 2.0.23-4-g208a40d healthsites https://healthsites.io/ mark@healthsites.io             No A free, curated, global, canonical source of healthcare location data. See also: https://github.com/healthsites/
255 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Multiple   Asia High Mountain Asia 8-meter DEM Mosaics Derived from Optical Imagery Version 1 NASA; National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) https://nsidc.org/data/HMA_DEM8m_MOS/versions/1/     2002 2016   Topographic data https://doi.org/10.5067/KXOVQ9L172S2/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5067/KXOVQ9L172S2/
256 Dataset Multiple 1 Lithosphere   Global High Mountain Asia Landslide Catalog Version 1.1 NASA; National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center https://nsidc.org/data/HMA_LS_Cat/versions/1/ nsidc@nsidc.org           https://doi.org/10.5067/5ST0TZCD9RQ3/ No An open global landslide inventory with input from citizen scientists. Data include the time and location of various landslide events, as well as event characteristics, such as triggers, the number of fatalities, country of occurrence, and the length and area of the slide.
257 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Hydrosphere   Global High Mountain Asia Near-Global Multi-Decadal Glacial Lake Inventory Version 1 National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC); NASA https://nsidc.org/data/HMA_GLI/versions/1/   30 m 1990 2018   Glacial lake extent https://doi.org/10.5067/UO20NYM3YQB4/ No Data provided as ESRI Shapefiles. Associated publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0855-4/ ; Also see the main page of the NSIDC for many more datasets related to glaciers, snow, ice sheets, permafrost, etc.: https://nsidc.org/data/
258 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Europe High Resolution Snow & Ice Monitoring   European Environment Agency (EEA), Copernicus; European Commission (EC) https://land.copernicus.eu/pan-european/biophysical-parameters/high-resolution-snow-and-ice-monitoring/           Glacier extent; Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F)   No Provides access to many cryospheric datasets. See also: https://cryo.land.copernicus.eu
259 Dataset Multiple 2 Hydrosphere   Global HiHydroSoil v2.0 Future Water https://www.futurewater.eu/projects/hihydrosoil/ g.simons@futurewater.nl 250 m           No See also: https://www.futurewater.nl/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/HiHydroSoil-v2.0-High-Resolution-Soil-Maps-of-Global-Hydraulic-Properties_v2.pdf ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications (reasonable spatial resolution).
260 Dataset In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   North America HYDAT   Water Survey of Canada https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.894885/           River discharge   No Canadan dataset. Use in conjunction with HYDEX, which provides information about the stations themselves e.g. location, equipment, and type(s) of data collected. Of course, not all sites drain mountainous areas.
261 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Hydrosphere   Global Hydrography90m   Yale University https://public.igb-berlin.de/index.php/s/od7neyLcYgi5qRp/ giuseppe.amatulli@yale.edu             No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2022-9/ (pre-print). Not mountain specific, but may do a better job of representing low order streams than other products. See also: https://doi.org/10.5446/56343
262 Dataset Multiple 1 Atmosphere Cryosphere; Hydrosphere North America Hydrometeorological, glaciological and geospatial research data from the Peyto Glacier Research Basin Version 02 University of Saskatchewan https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/2875/2021/           Glacier mass balance; Snow depth; Land cover; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation; Downward longwave radiation flux; Downward shortwave radiation flux; Topographic data https://doi.org/10.20383/101.0259/ No Associated publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-2875-2021/
263 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Global Ice velocity and thickness of the world's glaciers   French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES); ESA; Copernicus; NASA; Deutsches Zentrum fr Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41561-021-00885-z#/ romain.millan@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr         Glacier extent https://doi.org/10.6096/1007/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-021-00885-z/
264 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global IMERG: Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM   NASA https://gpm.nasa.gov/data/imerg ; https://gpm.nasa.gov/data/directory/   0.1° 2000 Present 30 min Total precipitation https://dx.doi.org/10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-HH/05/ ; https://dx.doi.org/10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-MONTH/05/ No The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
265 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere South America INPE CPTEC latam CoSch daily rainfall   Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE (Brazil) https://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.INPE/.CPTEC/.latam/.CoSch/.daily/.rainfall/ xchourio@iri.columbia.edu   2000 Present Daily Total precipitation   No Served from: https://opendap.ccst.inpe.br/
266 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere   Global International Long Term Ecological Research (ILTER)   ILTER https://www.ilter.network/network/global-coverage/           Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No General site of the ILTER network. Links to the websites of the 39 member networks.
267 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global International Surface Pressure Databank version 4.7 Multiple organisations https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds132.2/           Surface atmospheric pressure https://doi.org/10.5065/9EYR-TY90/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5065/9EYR-TY90/ ; The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
268 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America Inventory of active retrogressive thaw slumps in the Peel Plateau, Northwest Territories   GNWT - Northwest Territories Geological Survey https://nwtdiscoveryportal.enr.gov.nt.ca/geoportal/catalog/search/resource/details.page?uuid=%7B4B819ED8-A9C4-44C9-944F-8C17BFB4C48A%7D/ donnamarie_ouellette@gov.nt.ca             No  
269 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America Inventory of active retrogressive thaw slumps on eastern Banks Island   GNWT - Northwest Territories Geological Survey https://nwtdiscoveryportal.enr.gov.nt.ca/geoportal/rest/document?f=html&showRelativeUrl=true&id=%7B56ED5C84-AD5C-41BC-AE88-643F19EE37EF%7D/               No  
270 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America Inventory of active retrogressive thaw slumps on eastern Banks Island, Northwest Territories   GNWT - Northwest Territories Geological Survey https://nwtdiscoveryportal.enr.gov.nt.ca/geoportal/catalog/search/resource/details.page?uuid=%7B7AF49DD1-E64B-4F36-B7F8-6D66298731D5%7D/ donnamarie_ouellette@gov.nt.ca             No  
271 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Europe Jamtalferner glacier mass balance   IGF/OAW https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.917610/ andrea.fischer@oeaw.ac.at           https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-4637-2021/ ; https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2021.683397/ ; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50273-2/ Yes  
272 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global JRA55   Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds628.0/               No Related paper: https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2015-001/
273 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Atmosphere   Global Köppen-Geiger climate classification (KGClim)   Department of Geographical Sciences (GEOG); University of Maryland https://glass.umd.edu/KGClim/ sliang@umd.edu 1 km       Total precipitation; Vegetation species abundancies and extents For historical climate: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5347837/ ; For future climate: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4542076/ No KGClim is a new global dataset of historical and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps and bioclimatic variables. Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2021-186/
274 Dataset Multiple 1 Cryosphere   Europe L'Enquête Permanente sur les Avalanches (EPA)   INRAE https://www.avalanches.fr/               No Concerns France. Historical chronicle of avlanche events observed at selected sites. See also winter precipitation data here: https://www.avalanches.fr/precipitations-avalanches/
275 Dataset In Situ 1 Hydrosphere   North America Lake O'Hara alpine hydrological observatory   Federated Research Data Repository (FRDR) https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/11/111/2019/ jehe@ucalgary.ca   2004 2017   Snow depth; Snow melt / runoff; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation; Water level (supporting River Discharge); River discharge https://doi.org/10.20383/101.035/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-111-2019, 2019/
276 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Hydrosphere   Global Lakes Climate Change Initiative (Lakes_cci) Version 1.1 European Space Agency (ESA) https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/3c324bb4ee394d0d876fe2e1db217378/           Water color (Lake Water-Leaving Reflectance); Water surface temperature https://dx.doi.org/10.5285/ef1627f523764eae8bbb6b81bf1f7a0a/ No Citation: https://dx.doi.org/10.5285/ef1627f523764eae8bbb6b81bf1f7a0a/ ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
277 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Society & Governance Biosphere Global Land Cover Map   European Space Agency (ESA) https://maps.elie.ucl.ac.be/CCI/viewer/index.php/     1992 2019   Land cover   No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
278 Dataset In Situ 1 Society & Governance Biosphere Europe Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey (LUCAS) version 4 European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/1119/2021/#abstract/ raphael.dandrimont@ec.europa.eu         Land cover https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12382667.v4/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1119-2021/ ; The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
279 Dataset Remotely sensed 2 Cryosphere   North America Landsat Fractional Snow Covered Area Science Products   USGS https://www.usgs.gov/landsat-missions/landsat-fractional-snow-covered-area-science-products/   30 m       Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F)   No Seems to have only been processed for western US and Alaska at present.
280 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Asia Mass balances of Yala and Rikha Samba glaciers, Nepal   Government of Norway; ICIMOD; Nepal Department of Hydrology and Meteorology; Kathmandu University; Tribhuvan University; others https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/3791/2021/ ; https://lib.icimod.org/record/35285?utm_content=bufferff421&utm_medium=social&utm_source=linkedin.com&utm_campaign=buffer/ stummd@gmail.com   2000 2017   Glacier mass balance https://doi.org/10.5904/wgms-fog-2021-05/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-3791-2021/
281 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Global MERRA-2 Version 2 NASA; Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) https://gmao.gsfc.nasa.gov/reanalysis/MERRA-2/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0758.1/
282 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Europe MeteoNet   Météo-France https://meteonet.umr-cnrm.fr/               No Goal is to provide a clean and ready-to-use dataset for those who want to practice working with weather data. Sample dataset spans three years and two geographical areas: the north-western and south-eastern quarters of France. Contains station observations, land-sea and relief masks, radar observation, weather models forecasts and satellite data. Not mountain specific, but could provide useful training. Citation: Larvor et al. MeteoNet, an open reference weather dataset by METEO FRANCE, 2020. See also: https://github.com/meteofrance/meteonet/ ; Not mountain specific, but could provide useful training.
283 Dataset In Situ 2 Atmosphere   North America Meteorological observations collected during the Storms and Precipitation Across the continental Divide Experiment (SPADE)   Global Water Futures (GWF); Others https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/1233/2021/ theriault.julie@uqam.ca   2019 2019   Surface atmospheric pressure; Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Precipitation partitioning (solid vs. liquid); Total precipitation https://doi.org/10.20383/101.0221/ No Associated publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1233-2021/
284 Dataset Modelled 2 Hydrosphere   North America Modelled streamflow data   PCIC https://data.pacificclimate.org/portal/hydro_stn_cmip5/map/         Daily     No The dataset (Observation driven station VIC hydrologic model output) is produced by driving the VIC-GL model with PNWNAmet (Werner et al. 2019) gridded climate data. Detailed description is available in Schoeneberg and Schnorbus (2021). Temporal coverage: historical 1945-2012. GCM driven gridded VIC hydrologic model output is produced by driving the VIC-GL model with BCCAQ statistically downscaled GCMs (Cannon et al. 2015). Detailed description is available in Schoeneberg and Schnorbus (2021). Temporal coverage: historical 1950-2005; Future 2006-2100 for RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios.
285 Dataset Modelled 2 Cryosphere   Europe Mountain tourism meteorological and snow indicators for Europe from 1950 to 2100 derived from reanalysis and climate projections   EU; Copernicus; ECMWF; Climate Change Service https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/sis-tourism-snow-indicators?tab=overview/     1950 2100   Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation   No See also: https://datastore.copernicus-climate.eu/documents/sis-european-tourism/SIS_Tourism_Mountain_Tourism_dataset_description_v2.1.pdf
286 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere   MSWEP v2.2 Princeton University http://www.gloh2o.org/mswep/   0.1° 1979 Present 3 hourly Total precipitation   No Not corrected for gauge undercatch. For a corrected dataset, see PBCOR. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0138.1/
287 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere     Multi-Source Weather (MSWX)   Princeton University http://www.gloh2o.org/mswx/   0.1° 1979 Future 3 hourly Total precipitation; Near-surface air temperature; Surface pressure; Relative Humidity; Specific humidity; Wind speed; Downward shortwave radiation; Downward longwave radiation   No Includes forecasts 7 months into the future. Is compatible with MSWEP.
288 Dataset Modelled 2 Multiple   Global NASA Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS-2) version 2 NASA https://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/datasets/GLDAS_NOAH10_M_2.0/summary/ gsfc-dl-help-disc@mail.nasa.gov             No This dataset extends beyond mountains, however it can be useful for mountainous areas.
289 Dataset Multiple 1 Biosphere Hydrosphere Global Near-global environmental information for freshwater ecosystems in 1km resolution   NCEAS; NASA; NSF; Yale University https://www.earthenv.org/streams/ sami.domisch@yale.edu         Land cover; Near-surface air temperature; Total precipitation; Near-surface soil moisture; Topographic data https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2015.73/ No Associated publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2015.73 ; See also: https://data.earthenv.org/streams/ReadMe.txt ; The data providers recommend R to load and process the variables, and provide example code; see also the tutorials at: https://spatial-ecology.net/ ; The dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
290 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere Hydrosphere North America NevCAN: The Nevada Climate-ecohydrological Assessment Network   NSF; EPSCoR https://nevcan.dri.edu/data_download.html/ scotty@dayhike.net; Greg.McCurdy@dri.edu         Snow depth; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation; Near-surface soil moisture; Vegetation species abundancies and extents   No Basin-to-mountain top transect monitoring stations are located in the Snake Range (east central NV along the UT border; approximately 335 km NNE of Las Vegas) and in the Sheep Range (located approximately 35 km NNW of Las Vegas), Nevada. See also corresponding entries in the GEO Mountains In Situ Inventory.
291 Dataset Modelled 2 Multiple   North America NLDAS (North American Land Data Assimilation System) LSM   NASA https://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/NLDAS2model_download.php/               No Multiple disciplines.
292 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Multiple NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Northern Hemisphere (NH) Snow Cover Extent (SCE) Version 1 NECI (NOAA Centers for Environmental Information); Rutgers University https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/metadata/landing-page/bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00756/ ncei.info@noaa.gov             No Spatial extent: Northern Hemisphere. Related paper: https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/7/137/2015/essd-7-137-2015.pdf ; See also: http://climate.rutgers.edu/snowcover/
293 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America North America CORDEX   World Climate Research Program (WCRP) https://www.earthsystemgrid.org/search/cordexsearch.html/ mcginnis@ucar.edu             No See also: https://na-cordex.org/index.html ; A table showing the CORDEX data available on the ESGF is available here. North America CORDEX simulations are noted as NAM-22 (for 0.22° x 0.22° spatial resolution) and NAM-44 (for 0.44 x 0.44 deg spatial resolution) : http://htmlpreview.github.io/?http://is-enes-data.github.io/CORDEX_status.html/ ; Citation: https://doi.org/10.5065/D6SJ1JCH/
294 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America North America CORDEX Bias-adjusted data against Daymet   National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR; NSF https://www.earthsystemgrid.org/search/cordexsearch.html/               No CORDEX simulations over Norther America bias adjusted using Cannon's MBCn algorithm against Daymet gridded observations. Data in netCDF format can be accessed from the NA-CORDEX search page by selecting mbcn-Daymet in Bias Correction section. CAUTION:˜There is a problem with bias-corrected data in the NA CORDEX archive. Work is in progress to fix it. Details about bias-adjustment methods applied to the CORDEX simulations are provided here: http://is-enes-data.github.io/CORDEX_adjust_add.html/
295 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America North American Regional Reanalysis: NARR   NOAA's National Center for Atmospheric Prediction (NCEP) https://psl.noaa.gov/data/gridded/data.narr.html#detail/ psl.data@noaa.gov             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-87-3-343/
296 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere   South America Observatorio de Nieve en los Andes de Argentina y Chile   Instituto Argentino de Nivolog­a, Glaciolog­a y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA-CONICET); Centro de Investigaci›n del Clima y la Resiliencia de Chile http://estaciones.ianigla.mendoza-conicet.gob.ar/ ianigla@mendoza-conicet.gob.ar         Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow depth   No The data come from MODIS (NASA / NSIDC), processed for the Observatory of Snow of the Andes, Argentina and Chile. Provides a visualisation of snow cover in the main watersheds of the subtropical Andes of Argentina and Chile (27-37S) from 2000 onwards. Visit also: https://estaciones.ianigla.mendoza-conicet.gob.ar/
297 Dataset In Situ 1 Biosphere   Europe Ödenwinkel: an Alpine platform for research on the emergence of multidiversity and ecosystem complexity   Austrian Science Fund (FWF) https://we.copernicus.org/articles/20/95/2020/#/ robert.junker@uni-marburg.de   2019 2019   Vegetation species abundancies and extents https://doi.org/10.5194/we-20-95-2020-supplement/ No Dataset for Ödenwinkelkees glacier (Hohe Tauern National Park, Austria). See also: https://deims.org/activity/fefd07db-2f16-46eb-8883-f10fbc9d13a3
298 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   North America Ouranos ensemble of statistically downscaled CMIP5 data   Ouranos Inc. https://pavics.ouranos.ca/datasets.html#a/ pavics@ouranos.ca             No CMIP5 simulations statistically downscaled for North America against ANUSPLIN and Livneh (2015) gridded observations, using a quantile-mapping method. Contains a total of 22 simulations comprising RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 from 11 models. Daily data in netCDF format. See also: https://www.ouranos.ca/wp-content/uploads/FicheLoganGauvin2016_EN.pdf ; https://pavics.ouranos.ca/
299 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere Society & Governance Global p3k14c   Past Global Changes (PAGES) project; Projekt DEAL https://core.tdar.org/collection/70213/p3k14c-data/ darcy.bird@wsu.edu             Yes Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7 ; This dataset extends beyond mountains but some records likely relate to mountainous areas.
300 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Europe Pan-European High-Resolution Snow & Ice products (HR-S&I)   Copernicus https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/copernicus-land-monitoring-service-high-4/   20 m 2016 Present 5 days     No  
301 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global PBCOR   Princeton University http://www.gloh2o.org/pbcor/   0.05°     Monthly; Annual Total precipitation   No Bias corrected precipitation, with a specific focus on mountain areas. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0332.1/
302 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   Multiple Permafrost extent for the Northern Hemisphere v3.0 European Space Agency (ESA) https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/6e2091cb0c8b4106921b63cd5357c97c/               No Citation: http://dx.doi.org/10.5285/6e2091cb0c8b4106921b63cd5357c97c/
303 Dataset Multiple 2 Cryosphere   North America Permafrost Map of Canada   Natural Resources Canada https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/d1e2048b-ccff-5852-aaa5-b861bd55c367/ NRCan.geogratis-geogratis.RNCan@canada.ca             No  
304 Dataset Multiple 1 Atmosphere   North America PNWNAmet dataset   Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium (PCIC) https://www.pacificclimate.org/data/daily-gridded-meteorological-datasets/ mschnorb@uvic.ca             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.299/
305 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere Hydrosphere Asia Rainfall Dataset over the Southern Tibetan Plateau   National Tibetan Plateau Data Center https://essd.copernicus.org/articles/13/5455/2021/essd-13-5455-2021.html/ tianfq@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn   2014 2019 Daily Total precipitation https://doi.org/10.11888/Hydro.tpdc.271303/ No  
306 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere   North America RAWS USA Climate Archive   Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) https://raws.dri.edu/wraws/ wrcc@dri.edu         Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation; Near-surface soil moisture   No Users can access a large amount of station data. For more information see: https://raws.dri.edu/wraws/documents/RAWS.pdf
307 Dataset Multiple 2 Hydrosphere   Europe Rivers and Catchments of Europe   European Commission Joint Research Centre https://data.jrc.ec.europa.eu/dataset/fe1878e8-7541-4c66-8453-afdae7469221/ juergen.vogt@ec.europa.eu             No Of course not all catchments are mountainous.
308 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Lithosphere   North America Rock Avalanches in the Saint Elias Mountains of Alaska   University of Utah; USGS https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feart.2020.00293/full#supplementary-material/     1984 2019       No Citation: https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.00293/ ; See also: https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/5ec349de82ce476925e8a155/
309 Dataset Modelled 1 Cryosphere   Multiple Rutgers Northern Hemisphere 24 km Weekly Snow Cover Extent Version 1 Rutgers University (housed at NSIDC) https://nsidc.org/data/G10035/versions/1/ nsidc@nsidc.org             No Spatial extent: Northern Hemisphere.
310 Dataset Modelled 1 Atmosphere   Global S14FD global meteorological forcing dataset   Data Integration and Analysis System (DIAS) http://search.diasjp.net/en/dataset/S14FD/ iizumit@affrc.go.jp           https://doi.org/10.20783/DIAS.523/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD026613/
311 Dataset Multiple 1 Cryosphere Society & Governance Europe Satellite avalanche mapping validation data   SLF https://www.envidat.ch/dataset/satellite-avalanche-mapping-validation/             https://doi.org/10.16904/envidat.202/ No Swiss dataset (Davos region). Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-272/
312 Dataset Multiple 2 Atmosphere   Global SC-Earth   Global Water Futures (GWF) https://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/clim/34/16/JCLI-D-21-0067.1.xml/ ; https://zenodo.org/record/4762586/ guoqiang.tang@usask.ca   1950 2009 Daily Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Total precipitation   No Temporally gap-filled station data. Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
313 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere Society & Governance Europe Selected wet snow avalanche activity data     https://www.envidat.ch/#/metadata/selected-wet-snow-avalanche-activity-data-davos-switzerland-2011-2014     2011 2014     10.16904/envidat.39/ No Swiss dataset (Davos region). Citation: https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JF004515/
314 Dataset In Situ 1 Lithosphere   Europe SGID - Maps and Data   European Union https://www.geology.sk/maps-and-data/?lang=en/ secretary@geology.sk             No See also: https://www.geology.sk/maps-and-data/?lang=en/
315 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere Atmosphere Europe Snow and meteorological dataset from a mid-altitude mountain site (Col de Porte, France)   Météo-France https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-71-2019/ col_de_porte@meteo.fr   1960 2017 Daily Snow depth; Snow melt / runoff; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Latent heat flux; Sensible heat flux; Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Near-surface wind speed and direction; Precipitation partitioning (solid vs. liquid) http://doi.osug.fr/r/CRYOBSCLIM.CDP.2018.SnowProfile/ No See also: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-4-13-2012/ ; Plus. the corresponding entry in the GEO Mountains In Situ Inventory.
316 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere Atmosphere; Biosphere Europe Snow depth, canopy structure and meterorological datasets from the Davos area, Switzerland   Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF; SLF https://www.envidat.ch/#/metadata/forest-snow-modelling-davos-2012-2015/ giulia.mazzotti@slf.ch   2012 2015   Snow depth; Forest extent; Vegetation species abundancies and extents https://www.doi.org/10.16904/envidat.125/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019WR026129/
317 Dataset Multiple 1 Cryosphere Atmosphere; Hydrosphere North America SnowClim Model and Dataset version 1.0 Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI); National Science Foundation NSF https://www.hydroshare.org/resource/acc4f39ad6924a78811750043d59e5d0/ aby.lute@gmail.com         Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Near-surface air temperature; Near-surface water vapor; Total precipitation   No Citation: Lute, A. C., J. Abatzoglou, T. Link (2021). SnowClim Model and Dataset, HydroShare, https://www.hydroshare.org/resource/acc4f39ad6924a78811750043d59e5d0/ ; Note that model code is also provided. Related paper: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2021-407/ (pre-print)
318 Dataset Modelled 2 Cryosphere   Multiple SnowModel Pan-Arctic Data   UCAR/NCAR https://data.eol.ucar.edu/dataset/106.309/ eol-datahelp@ucar.edu   1979 2009       No Spatial extent: NH land area north of ~55N.
319 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Hydrosphere Biosphere Global Soil Moisture CCI CCI SM v06.1 European Space Agency (ESA); others https://www.esa-soilmoisture-cci.org/node/93/ cci_sm_contact@eodc.eu         Near-surface soil moisture   No Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
320 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere Society & Governance Europe SPOT6 Avalanche outlines 24 January 2018     https://www.envidat.ch/#/metadata/spot6-avalanche-outlines-24-january-2018/     2018 2018     10.16904/envidat.77/ No Swiss dataset. Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3225-2019/
321 Dataset Multiple 2 Hydrosphere Biosphere Global Synthesis of global actual evapotranspiration     https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/ZGOUED/   1 km 1982 2019 Monthly Actual evapotranspiration https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-447-2021/ No Blended dataset
322 Dataset Modelled 2 Atmosphere   Multiple The Arctic System Reanalysis (ASR) ASR version 2 Byrd Polar Research Center; The Ohio State University; Multiple https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds631.1/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1029/2010EO020001/ ; Domain is the Arctic, but may be useful for mountain applications.
323 Dataset Multiple 1 Society & Governance   Global The Geocoded Disasters (GDIS) Dataset   NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/pend-gdis-1960-2018/ ciesin.info@ciesin.columbia.edu   1960 2018     https://doi.org/10.7927/zz3b-8y61/ No A geocoded extension of a selection of natural disasters from the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters' (CRED) Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). The highest spatial resolution corresponds to administrative level 3 (usually district/commune/village) in the Global Administrative Areas database (GADM, 2018). The vast majority of the locations are administrative level 1 (typically state/province/region). Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00846-6 ; The dataset extends beyond mountains, however it might be relevant for mountainous areas.
324 Dataset In Situ 1 Cryosphere   Global The GTN-P global mean annual ground temperature data   International Permafrost Association https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30651568/ boris.biskaborn@awi.de         Ground temperature https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.884711/ No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08240-4/
325 Dataset Multiple 2 Multiple   Asia The High Asia Refined analysis v2 TU Berlin https://www.klima.tu-berlin.de/index.php?show=daten_har2&lan=%27.$language.%27/ xun.wang@tu-berlin.de 10 km 1980 2020 Hourly; Daily; Monthly; Yearly   https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6686/ No  
326 Dataset In Situ 1 Atmosphere   Global The Integrated Surface Dataset (ISD)   National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/metadata/landing-page/bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00532/ ncei.info@noaa.gov       Hourly     No This hourly dataset is global (extends beyond mountains), but may relevant for mountainous areas.
327 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Global The RGI-TOPO dataset Beta International Association of Cryospheric Sciences (IACS) https://rgitools.readthedocs.io/en/latest/dems.html#/ Matthias.Dusch@uibk.ac.at           10.5194/gmd-12-909-2019/ No Should not be used for glacier change assessment: the aim is to provide a baseline for glacier modelling and other data analysis efforts. RGI-TOPO does not generate any new topography data, but rather uses freely available data and interpolates it to a local glacier map. If you make use of these data for a publication, presentation or website, refer to the original data provider as given in the dem_source.txt file found in each DEM folder. Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-909-2019
328 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   Europe Theia Snow collection   University of Toulouse https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-493-2019/             https://doi.org/10.24400/329360/F7Q52MNK/ No  
329 Dataset Remotely sensed 1 Society & Governance   Global World Settlement Footprint 2015   German Aerospace Center (DLR); Google; European Space Agency (ESA); MindEarth https://figshare.com/articles/dataset/World_Settlement_Footprint_WSF_2015/10048412/   10 m       Settlement extent and Urbanisation https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.10048412.v1/ No Binary mask outlining the 2015 global settlement extent derived by jointly exploiting multitemporal Sentinel-1 radar and Landsat-8 optical satellite imagery. Settlements are associated with value 255; all other pixels are associated with value 0. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-00580-5/ ; Likely useful for many mountain applications (high resolution).
330 Other Multiple Multiple Multiple   Europe Data for Science   ENVRIplus https://www.envriplus.eu/themes/t2/ z.zhao@uva.nl             No Not mountain specific. Not clear whether much data can actually be obtained.
331 Other Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Europe EUMETNET   EUMETNET https://www.eumetnet.eu/ info@eumetnet.eu             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however they might be relevant for mountainous areas.
332 Other Multiple 1 Lithosphere Hydrosphere Europe European Geological Data Infrastructure   EuroGeoSurveys https://www.europe-geology.eu/ info@eurogeosurveys.org             No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous applications
333 Other In Situ 1 Multiple   Europe European Observatory of Earth Observation Networks ENEON European Union https://www.eneon.net/ eneon@creaf.uab.cat             No See also: https://www.eneon.net/graph/index.htm/ ; Not immdiately clear how much data can be directly accessed from this page. Also, not mountain specific.
334 Other     Multiple   Global Linked Paleo Data (LiPD)   Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) https://lipd.net/               Yes Provides / aims to provide a framework for interacting with the LiPD data.
335 Other Multiple 1 Multiple   Global reliefweb   United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs https://reliefweb.int/disasters/               No Summary of ongoing global disaster events, plus associated reports etc.
336 Other Remotely sensed 1 Cryosphere   North America Snow Today   NSIDCM CIRES; INSTAAR; NASA https://nsidc.org/reports/snow-today/daily_image_updates/               No Provides a snapshot and interpretation of snow conditions in near-real time across the Western United States according to a combination of satellite data and surface observations.
337 Other Multiple 1 Atmosphere   Global The KNMI Climate Explorer   WMO; KNMI https://climexp.knmi.nl/start.cgi/               No A research tool to investigate the climate, including a web application to analyse climate data statistically. Lots of climate data and analysis tools provided. See also: https://gitlab.com/KNMI-OSS/climexp/
338 Software     Hydrosphere   North America Automated Water Supply Model (AWSM)   USDA Agricultural Research Service https://awsm.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ micah.johnson150@gmail.com ; micah.sandusky@ars.usda.gov           https://doi.org/10.5281/ZENODO.3455762/ No Visit also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098300420305598#sec5/ ; https://github.com/USDA-ARS-NWRC/awsm/ ; Test cases are available at: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3381607/
339 Software     Atmosphere Hydrosphere Global CLIMADA   ETH Zurich https://wcr.ethz.ch/research/climada.html/ sarah.spitzauer@usys.ethz.ch 4 km           No Allows users to estimate expected economic damage as a measure of risk today, as well as potential incremental increases due to economic growth and climate change. Provides global coverage of major climate-related extreme-weather hazards at high resolution via a data API, namely (i) tropical cyclones, (ii) river flood, (iii) agro drought and (iv) European winter storms, all at 4km spatial resolution. For all hazards, historic and probabilistic event sets exist, some also under select climate forcing scenarios (RCPs) at distinct time horizons (e.g. 2040). Might be relevant for some mountain applications (but beware coarse spatial resolution).
340 Software Modelled 2 Atmosphere Multiple Global CMIP6 - Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 Phase 6 Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/CMIP6/Guide/dataUsers.html/               No Related publication: Eyring, V., Bony, S., Meehl, G. A., Senior, C. A., Stevens, B., Stouffer, R. J., and Taylor, K. E.: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016
341 Software     Hydrosphere Cryosphere North America Cold Region Hydrological Model (CRHM)   The University of Saskatchewan https://research-groups.usask.ca/hydrology/modelling/crhm.php#TechnicalDetails/ centre.hydrology@usask.ca         Glacier melt / runoff; Snow depth; Snow melt / runoff; Evapotranspiration; Dynamic groundwater storage; Near-surface soil moisture   No Physics and HRU-based hydrological modelling framework, with emphasis on cold region processes. The manual can be found at: https://research-groups.usask.ca/hydrology/modelling/crhm_manual_march_15_2013.pdf
342 Software     Cryosphere   Global Cryotools   Geo.X; GFZ Postdam https://cryo-tools.org/ post@cryo-tools.org             No A community effort to build a collection of open source software tools for scientific analysis. The focus is on cryospheric investigations, including glaciers, permafrost, climate change, sensitivity analysis. Most of the tools are, however, also applicable in a variety of other contexts. This website focuses on information and documentation. Code is stored and developed on GitHub: https://github.com/cryotools
343 Software     Lithosphere Hydrosphere Global DebrisFlow Predictor   European Geosciences Union; Stantec https://www.stantec.com/en/ideas/debris-flow-predictor-an-agent-based-runout-program-for-shallow-landslides/ rick.guthrie@stantec.com ; andrew.befus@stantec.com             No Related publication: https://www.stantec.com/content/dam/stantec/files/PDFAssets/technical/001/debrisflow-predictor-nhess-1029-2021-whitepaper.pdf
344 Software     Hydrosphere Biosphere Global Distributed Hydrology Soil Vegetation Model (DHSVM)   Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); University of Washington; US Department of Energy https://www.pnnl.gov/projects/distributed-hydrology-soil-vegetation-model/ ning.sun@pnnl.gov             No  
345 Software     Cryosphere   North America Distributed Snow-Evolution Modeling System (SnowModel)   USDA-ARS Northwest Watershed Research Center; NASA https://github.com/jupflug/SnowModel/ liston@cira.colostate.edu             No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM548.1/
346 Software     Multiple     Docker   Multiple organisations https://www.docker.com/ https://www.docker.com/company/contact                
347 Software     Biosphere   Europe FORCLIM version 3.0 ETH Zurich https://ites-fe.ethz.ch/openaccess/products/forclim/           Forest extent   No A climate-sensitive forest succession model, developed to simulate forest stand dynamics over a wide range of environmental conditions. Currently parameterized for ca. 180 tree species that are dominant in temperate forests worldwide. Tested comprehensively for the representation of natural temperate forest dynamics of the Northern Hemisphere, with an emphasis on European forests.
348 Software     Multiple     GDAL/OGR 3.4.1 OSGeo Project https://gdal.org/             https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5884351/   Command line tools for processing and converting spatial data (raster and vector).
349 Software     Lithosphere     GemPy v2.2.10 RWTH Aachen University https://www.gempy.org/ varga@cgre.rwth-aachen.de             No Script-based 3D geological modelling software. See also: https://github.com/cgre-aachen/gempy/ ; https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-1-2019/
350 Software Modelled 2 Lithosphere   North America Geomorphologic feature mapping methodology developed for the Dempster Highway and Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk Highway corridors   Natural Resources Canada https://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/downloade.web&search1=R=328181/               No This dataset is a manual delineation of geomorphologic features in Dempster Highway and Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk highway corridors. Citation: https://doi.org/10.4095/328181
351 Software     Multiple     GRASS GIS   GRASS Development Team https://grass.osgeo.org/ grass-web@lists.osgeo.org               Also ships with QGIS, SAGA, GDAL etc. via: https://trac.osgeo.org/osgeo4w/
352 Software     Hydrosphere     HydroGeoSphere (HGS)   Aquanty Inc. https://www.aquanty.com/hydrogeosphere/ support@aquanty.com               An online toolbox of open source and satellite information that provides farm producers across Canada with essential farm data. Visit also: https://agsat.ca/
353 Software     Cryosphere   North America iSnobal   USDA Agricultural Research Service https://data.nal.usda.gov/dataset/isnobal/               No Related publication: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(199909)13:12/13<1935::AID-HYP868>3.0.CO;2-C/
354 Software In Situ 1 Biosphere   Asia JapanFlux   JapanFlux https://www.japanflux.org/?page_id=29#_30/ jimukyoku@japanflux.org             No Also acts as a network and provides a map of in situ monitoring sites: https://www.japanflux.org/?page_id=28)/
355 Software     Multiple     Jupyter   Project Jupyter https://jupyter.org/ N/A                
356 Software     Biosphere     LandClim   ETH Zurich https://ites-fe.ethz.ch/openaccess/products/landclim/               No A stochastic process-based model designed to study spatially explicit forest dynamics at the landscape scale over long time periods with a fine spatial resolution.
357 Software     Multiple     LaTeX   The LaTeX Project https://www.latex-project.org/                 Scientific (and other) document preparation and publishing.
358 Software     Hydrosphere   Europe LISFLOOD-FP flood inundation model   UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council: University of Bristol https://gmd.copernicus.org/articles/14/3577/2021/#/ js102@zepler.net ; g.kesserwani@sheffield.ac.uk           https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4073011/ ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4066823/ No Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-3577-2021/ ; See also: https://www.bristol.ac.uk/geography/research/hydrology/models/lisflood/#:~:text=LISFLOOD%2DFP%20is%20a%20two,efficient%20manner%20over%20complex%20topography.&text=as%20part%20of%20the%20RASP,England%20and%20Wales%20and%20DEFRA/ ; https://www.seamlesswave.com/LISFLOOD8.0/
359 Software     Hydrosphere   North America MODFLOW 6: USGS Modular Hydrologic Model version 6 USGS https://www.usgs.gov/software/modflow-6-usgs-modular-hydrologic-model/ modflow@usgs.gov           https://doi.org/10.5066/F76Q1VQV No Citation: Langevin, C.D., Hughes, J.D., Banta, E.R., Provost, A.M., Niswonger, R.G., and Panday, Sorab, 2021, MODFLOW 6 Modular Hydrologic Model version 6.2.2: U.S. Geological Survey Software Release, 30 July 2021
360 Software     Multiple   Global Open Data Cube   Open Data Cube Project https://www.opendatacube.org/ info@opendatacube.org             No A set of Python libraries and PostgreSQL database that help you work with geospatial raster data. See also: https://github.com/opendatacube/
361 Software     Cryosphere     Open Global Glacier Model (OGGM)   OGGM e.V. https://oggm.org/oggmev/ info@oggm.org           https://zenodo.org/badge/latestdoi/43965645/ No An open source modelling framework for glaciers accounting for glacier geometry (including contributory branches) and including an explicit ice dynamics module and a calving parametrization. Can simulate past and future mass-balance, volume and geometry of (almost) any glacier in the world in a fully automated and extensible workflow. Relies exclusively on publicly available data for calibration and validation. Is modular and supports novel modelling workflows. Related publication: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-909-2019/
362 Software     Hydrosphere   Global OpenFOAM   OpenCFD Ltd https://www.openfoam.com/               No Free, open-source CFD software with a large user base across most areas of engineering and science and an extensive range of features to solve anything from complex fluid flows involving chemical reactions, turbulence and heat transfer, to acoustics, solid mechanics and electromagnetics.
363 Software     Multiple     ParaView version 5.10.0 Kitware Inc.; Los Alamos National Laboratory: US Department of Energy https://www.paraview.org/                 An open-source, multi-platform data analysis and visualization application. Data exploration can be done interactively in 3D or programmatically using ParaView's batch processing capabilities. Can be run on supercomputers to analyze datasets of petascale size.
364 Software     Hydrosphere     ParFlow version 3.9.0 Multiple organisations https://parflow.org/#about/               No  
365 Software     Hydrosphere   North America Penn State Integrated Hydrologic Model (PIHM)   Pennsylvania State University; NSF; NOAA: NASA https://www.pihm.psu.edu/               No  
366 Software     Multiple     PEST: Model-Independent Parameter Estimation and Uncertainty Analysis   GMDSI; others https://pesthomepage.org/                 A software package and suite of utility programs which support it. Collectively, these are essential tools in decision-support environmental modelling. The software package automates calibration and calibration-constrained uncertainty analysis of any numerical model.
367 Software     Multiple     PEST++, a Software Suite for Parameter Estimation, Uncertainty Analysis, Management Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis   USGS https://www.usgs.gov/software/pest-software-suite-parameter-estimation-uncertainty-analysis-management-optimization-and/ rjhunt@usgs.gov ; mnfienen@usgs.gov           https://doi.org/10.3133/tm7C26/   Provides environmental modeling practitioners access to tools to support decision making with environmental models, including tools for global sensitivity analysis (PESTPP-SEN); least-squares parameter estimation with integrated first-order, second-moment parameter and forecast uncertainty estimation (PESTPP-GLM); an iterative, localized ensemble smoother (PESTPP-IES); and a tool for management optimization under uncertainty (PESTPP-OPT). Citation: White, J.T., Hunt, R.J., Fienen, M.N., and Doherty, J.E., 2020, Approaches to Highly Parameterized Inversion: PEST++ Version 5, a Software Suite for Parameter Estimation, Uncertainty Analysis, Management Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 7C26, 51 p.
368 Software     Multiple     PostGIS   PostGIS Project Steering Committee (PSC) https://postgis.net/                 See also non-spatial component: https://www.postgresql.org/
369 Software     Hydrosphere   North America Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) version 5.2.0 USGS https://www.usgs.gov/software/precipitation-runoff-modeling-system-prms/ markstro@usgs.gov           https://doi.org/10.5066/P9HJ5TKZ/ No Software/Code citation: Regan, R.S., Markstrom, S.L., LaFontaine, J.H., 2020, PRMS version 5.2.0: Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS): U.S. Geological Survey Software Release, 01/20/2021/
370 Software     Multiple     Python   The Python Software Foundation https://www.python.org/                 See list of modules (extentions), e.g.: https://catswhocode.com/python-modules-list/
371 Software     Multiple     QGIS   QGIS.ORG Association https://www.qgis.org/en/site/                 Also ships with GRASS, SAGA, GDAL etc. via: https://trac.osgeo.org/osgeo4w/
372 Software     Multiple     R Project   R Development Core Team https://www.r-project.org ; https://www.rstudio.com/                 See list of packages (extensions): https://cran.rproject.org/web/packages/available_packages_by_name.html/ ; Use in conjunction with: https://www.rstudio.com/
373 Software     Lithosphere Hydrosphere Global r.avaflow version 2.4 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna; others https://www.landslidemodels.org/r.avaflow/ martin.mergili@uni-graz.at             No Cite as: Mergili, M., Pudasaini, S.P., 2014-2021. r.avaflow - The mass flow simulation tool. https://www.avaflow.org ; Related publications: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abh4455 ; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-021-01670-0/
374 Software     Lithosphere Hydrosphere Global r.landslide   Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Brazil https://github.com/UFFSEnvModelling/r.landslide/ lucimarabragagnolo@hotmail.com               A free and open source add-on to the open source Geographic Information System (GIS) GRASS software for landslide susceptibility mapping. Written in Python language and works on the top of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) fed with environmental parameters and landslide databases. Citation: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2019.104565/
375 Software     Cryosphere     RAMMS rapid mass movements   WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF) https://ramms.slf.ch/ramms/ ramms@slf.ch               Note, may not be fully open source; RAMMS licenses may be purchased here: https://ramms.slf.ch/ramms/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=49&Itemid=71/
376 Software     Hydrosphere   North America River Analysis System (HEC-RAS)   U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) https://www.hec.usace.army.mil/software/hec-ras/               No Allows the user to perform one-dimensional steady flow, one and two-dimensional unsteady flow calculations, sediment transport/mobile bed computations, and water temperature/water quality modeling.
377 Software     Multiple     SAGA GIS version 2.1.4 University of Hamburg https://saga-gis.sourceforge.io/en/index.html/                 Citation: https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1991-2015/ ; Also ships with QGIS, GRASS, GDAL etc. via: https://trac.osgeo.org/osgeo4w/
378 Software     Multiple   Global The Oasis Loss Modelling Framework   Oasis Loss Modelling Framework Ltd https://oasislmf.org/ support@oasislmf.org             No Might be relevant for some mountain applications.
379 Software     Hydrosphere Lithosphere Europe The sedFlow modelling tool version 1.0 WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF https://www.wsl.ch/de/services-und-produkte/software-websites-und-apps/sedflow.html#/ dieter.rickenmann@wsl.ch             No  
380 Software     Biosphere   Europe TreeMig   WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF https://www.wsl.ch/de/projekte/treemig-1.html/ heike.lischke@wsl.ch         Forest extent; Vegetation species abundancies and extents     Code can be requested from Dr. Heike Lischke.
381 Software     Hydrosphere   Global Water Flow and Balance Simulation Model (WaSiM)   ETH Zurich https://www.wasim.ch/en/ j.schulla@wasim.ch             No  
382 Software     Atmosphere   Global Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Version 4.1 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), NOAA; U.S. Air Force; Naval Research Laboratory; University of Oklahoma; Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) https://www.mmm.ucar.edu/wrf-release-information/               No A mesoscale numerical weather prediction system designed for both atmospheric research and operational forecasting applications. Serves a wide range of meteorological applications across scales from tens of meters to thousands of kilometers.
383 Software     Multiple     WhiteboxTools   Whitebox Geospatial Inc. https://www.whiteboxgeo.com/ support@whiteboxgeo.com               An advanced open-source geospatial data analysis platform.
384 Software     Atmosphere Hydrosphere North America WRF-HYDRO Model version 5.2 NSF; NCAR; NASA; NOAA https://ral.ucar.edu/projects/wrf_hydro/model-code/ wrfhydro@ucar.edu         Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE); Latent heat flux; Sensible heat flux; Evapotranspiration; Dynamic groundwater storage; Groundwater levels; Near-surface air temperature; Ground temperature; River discharge; Near-surface soil moisture   No Citation: Gochis, D.J., M. Barlage, R. Cabell, M. Casali, A. Dugger, K. FitzGerald, M. McAllister, J. McCreight, A. RafieeiNasab, L. Read, K. Sampson, D. Yates, Y. Zhang (2020). The WRF-Hydro modeling system technical description (Version 5.2). NCAR Technical Note.108 pages. Available at: https://ral.ucar.edu/sites/default/files/public/projects/wrf-hydro/technical-description-user-guide/wrf-hydrov5.2technicaldescription.pdf
385 Software     Cryosphere   Europe WSL/SLF snow cover models   WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF) https://models.slf.ch/ bavay@slf.ch; fierz@slf.ch         Snow covered area / fraction (SCA/F); Snow depth; Snow Water Equivalent (SWE)   No Links to and information on several snow cover models. See also: https://www.envidat.ch/dataset/10-16904-1/ ; https://www.slf.ch/de/services-und-produkte/alpine-3d.html/
386 Software     Biosphere   Global Predictive Ecosystem Analyzer (PEcAn)   National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA); University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign https://pecanproject.github.io/index.html/ pecanproj@gmail.com             No An integrated ecological bioinformatics toolbox which consists of a scientific workflow system to manage the immense amounts of publicly-available environmental data, and a Bayesian data assimilation system to synthesize this information within state-of-the-art ecosystems models. Visit the demo page: https://pecan.ncsa.illinois.edu/pecan/01-introduction.php/ ; Not mountain specific, but may be useful for mountain applications.
387 Tool     Multiple   Global Arc2Meters Converter   Open DEM Project https://www.opendem.info/arc2meters.html/ contact@OpenDEMData.info         Topographic data   No A tool that converts arc seconds to meters or meters to arc seconds at a specified latitude.
388 Tool     Atmosphere     Climate Data Operators 2.0.4 Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (MPI-M) https://code.mpimet.mpg.de/projects/cdo/               No A collection of command line operators to manipulate and analyse climate and NWP model data.
389 Tool Remotely sensed 2 Biosphere Society & Governance; Economic Sectors Multiple Crop Assessment Tool   GEOGLAM https://data.nal.usda.gov/dataset/geoglam-geo-global-agricultural-monitoring-crop-assessment-tool/ ijarvis@geosec.org             No Not mountain specific but may be useful.
390 Tool Multiple 1 Biosphere   Global ECOPOTENTIAL Virtual Laboratory (VLab)   European Union http://www.ecopotential-project.eu/products/vlab.html/               No A tool for facilitating the publication and invocation of scientific workflows supporting evidence-based decision-making. Final data and products have been archived in the community ECOPOTENTIAL: the legacy on Zenodo: https://zenodo.org/communities/ecopotentialh2020/?page=1&size=20/ ; Also search for The Earth Observation Data for Ecosystem Monitoring (EODESM) in VLab.
391 Tool     Lithosphere     FSLAM Software version 1.0 UPC BarcelonaTECH https://github.com/EnGeoModels/fslam_plugin/ ; https://github.com/EnGeoModels/fslam/ cuggzz@cug.edu.cn             No A QGIS plugin to delineate areas where landslides are prone to occur within a region. Integrates a simplified hydrological model and a geotechnical model based on the infinite slope theory. Publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105354
392 Tool Multiple 1 Multiple   Global Geofolio   Multiple organisations https://geofolio.org/ info@geofolio.org             No Automagically generated thematic factsheets with information on land cover, topography, climate, soils, hydrology, and agriculture, all based on open data. Accessible from the browser, with written summaries, charts, references, and interactive maps with legends.
393 Tool Modelled 2 Hydrosphere   Global GEOGloWS ECMWF Streamflow Hydroviewer   GEOGloWS; ECMWF; ESRI https://tethys.byu.edu/apps/geoglows-hydroviewer/               No River discharge forecasts for major rivers. Not mountain specific. See also: https://earthobservations.org/geo_blog_obs.php?id=478/
394 Tool     Society & Governance Multiple Global GFDRR Online Tools   GFDRR https://www.gfdrr.org/en/onlinetools/               No The datasets extend beyond mountains, however some might be relevant for mountainous areas.
395 Tool     Atmosphere   Global Global Climate Monitor   University of Seville Climate Research Group; European Commission (EC) https://www.globalclimatemonitor.org/ globalclimatemonitor@us.es             No Publication: https://doi.org/10.1080/17538947.2018.1429502/ ; Not mountain specific.
396 Tool Multiple 2 Hydrosphere   Global Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS)   Copernicus Programme https://www.globalfloods.eu/general-information/data-access/               No Predominantly a web-mapping tool for riverine floods, but also provides links to data: https://www.globalfloods.eu/general-information/data-and-services/ ; See also: https://hepex.inrae.fr/glofas-era5-reanalysis/ ; The datasets are global (extends beyond mountains), but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
397 Tool Remotely sensed   Multiple   Global Google Earth Engine   Google https://earthengine.google.com               No To access the code editor, the explorer and libraries, visit: https://earthengine.google.com/platform/ ; Datasets: https://developers.google.com/earth-engine/datasets/
398 Tool           rayshader 0.27.2 Tyler Morgan-Wall https://www.rayshader.com/               No Open source package for producing 2D and 3D data visualizations in R. Citation: Morgan-Wall T (2022). rayshader: Create Maps and Visualize Data in 2D and 3D.
399 Tool     Multiple   Global Scientific Toolboxes (ESA)   European Space Agency https://eo4society.esa.int/scientific-toolboxes/ eo4society@esa.int             No See also: https://eo4society.esa.int/virtual-labs/
400 Tool Remotely sensed 2 Society & Governance   Global SEDAC POPGRID Viewer   POPGRID Data Collaborative; others https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/mapping/popgrid/comparison-view/#/               No The datasets shown extend beyond mountains, but may be relevant for mountainous areas.
401 Tool     Lithosphere     Visible Geology Beta Seequent (Bentley Systems) https://app.visiblegeology.com/ support@seequent.com             No Visualisation tool for teaching / understanding geological concepts.

 

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