In 2000, the Mountain Research Initiative (MRI) was proposed by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP), and the Global Terrestrial Observation System (GTOS) to “achieve an integrated approach for observing, modeling and investigating Global Change phenomena and processes in mountain regions, including the impacts of these changes and of human activities on mountain ecosystems” (UN Assembly, 2000)

Subsequently, numerous programmes and other efforts in this direction began, including:

To acknowledge, integrate, and build on the considerable legacy of these past community efforts, at the GEO Plenary 2016, GEO Members voted to accept GEO-GNOME (now GEO Mountains) into the GEO Work Programme as a GEO Initiative. GEO Mountains launched as a Flagship Activity of the MRI shortly thereafter.

GEO Mountains held a workshop in May 2018 to reorganise and reformulate objectives and tasks (see Adler et al., 2018). Following the appointment of Dr. James Thornton as GEO Mountains Scientific Project Officer in June 2020, the Implementation Plan has been further iterated upon, and numerous specific engagements and tasks have now been completed (see e.g. News and Resources). 

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